DBQ Essay – Mechanization of Cotton Industries
In Japan and India, the mechanization of the Cotton Industries between 1880 and 1930 had many similarities and differences. From their workers, to the increase in production over the years, to the way the conditions of the factory were and how women were treated in the factories. As for the workers from both Japan and India, they were treated fairly different. They worked twelve to fourteen hours days with no breaks pushing a pedal to spin the spindles. Most of the came from farming communities that didn’t have any more work. They worked for cheap and had long, tedious hours for little money. When a family had a surplus in workers on their farm they would send them to the factories. Even though the worker is technically owned and making money for the farm, they are not in direct correlation with the family. (doc.5 ) The textile factories in India were cleaner and more safe than those in Japan because of their cleanliness.(doc.10) In a Japanese textile factory a thirteen year old girl’s sister was killed from an illness that she had caught from the factory. The young girl blamed the disgusting living conditions and hard labor forced upon them all. (doc. 3) This point of view is a good look into Japanese factories because the girl had firsthand experience in the factories. The longer the factories operated, the higher the production rate became. Machines were becoming more popular than hand weaving and a lot more efficient. In India in 1884 the amount of hand spun yarn was one hundred and fifty million pound while machine spun yarn was at one hundred and fifty one million pounds. By 1914, machine yarn was a lot more popular, producing six hundred and fifty two million pounds while hand spun yarn had decreased dramatically to only ninety million pounds. (doc. 1) Japans increase in yarn went from five million to six hundred and sixty six million pounds by 1914.(doc. 2) Though, over just a few short...
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