DBQ: Impact of Westward Expansion on Native Americans and the Role of Government Directions The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A–H and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. High scores will be earned only for essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside knowledge of the period. 1. Analyze the extent to which western expansion affected the lives of Native Americans during the period 1860–90 and evaluate the role of the federal government in those effects. Use the documents and responses to each document to construct your response. Document A Santana, Chief of the Kiowas Source: Santana, Chief of the Kiowas, 1867. U.S. Bureau of Ethnography Annual Report, 17th, 1895–96. “A long time ago this land belonged to our fathers; but when I go up to the river I see camps of soldiers here on its bank. These soldiers cut down my timber; they kill my buffalo; and when I see that, my heart feels like bursting; I feel sorry.” 1. Why do you believe there are soldiers camped out on the outskirts of Indian territory?
2. What is being done that is damaging to the Indians, and why is it such a tragedy?
Document B S.G. Colley, U.S. Indian Agent, Report, Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War Source: S.G. Colley, U.S. Indian Agent, Report, Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, 38th Congress, 2nd Session, 1865. “[F]rom the time that Major Wynkoop left this post to go out to rescue white prisoners until the arrival of Colonel Chivington here, which took place on the 28th of November last, no depredations of any kind had been committed by the Indians within two hundred miles of this post; that upon Colonel Chivington’s arrival herewith a large body of troops he was informed where these Indians were encamped. . . . [T]hat not withstanding his knowledge of the facts as above set forth, he is informed that Colonel Chivington did, on the...
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