Rachel Guo and Vanessa Martinez
Writing Seminar AP
7 January 2015
African American Civil Rights
Even in the Twentieth century, African Americans still faced racism and inequality throughout the South. Although the African Americans were freed by the Thirteenth Amendment, they still suffered hardships. These struggles ranged from white oppression to unequal interpretation of the law. Many Southerners wanted the blacks to be unequal and inferior. However, some people advocated for the equality of colored people and whites. Two African American leaders, W. E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington, had opposing solutions for enforcing equal rights of both whites and colored people. Du Bois’ strategy to obtain these equal rights was considered radical while Washington’s was more conservative. Many African Americans and whites favored the views and ideas of Booker T. Washington. During the period of slavery, lynching was a common punishment. Lynching is the assault or murder by a mob. After the abolishment of slavery, lynching was still practiced. It was generally public and celebrated. Jesse Washington was charged with the rape and murder of Lucy Fryer, his white employer’s wife. After he was convicted on trial he was lynched by townspeople with city officials watching nearby. Lynching violated Texas law however no officers stopped the lynching or prosecuted those who participated and brutally assaulted Jesse. (Document C) A mob would never lynch a white man. White people still felt superior and above the African Americans. The colored people were denied high education and the right to vote.
(Document A). The abolishment of slavery did not seem to affect the attitude towards African Americans. Although African Americans could no longer be enslaved, they were still bullied and abused by white people. In February 1919, African American soldiers went to help in the war ...
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