Dbq#2 Nationalism V. Sectionalism

Topics: James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, United States Pages: 5 (1791 words) Published: March 10, 2011
DBQ # 2 Nationalism v. Sectionalism “Era of Good Feelings”
The years following the War of 1812 became known as the “era of good feelings”. During this time you see the expansion of nationalism within the United States. It started mainly in the 1816 shortly before Monroe took office, and lasted until the end of his Presidency in the year of 1824. Before the “era of good feelings” there were certain events taking place that will lead up to this era. The first of these is the acquired land of the Louisiana Purchase from the French. Through this the United States was able to double its land. The gained independence from this purchase was able to keep other countries father away from the US’s boundaries and was able to separate the United States even more. Another event that led up to the Era of Good Feelings was the Embargo Act of 1807. The Embargo Act cut off trade with Britain to try to prove that the U.S. could be interdependent amongst them. Although this proving to be a huge mistake for the U.S. it gave many of the citizens the spirit of nationalism. One of the greatest events however, that led up to the era was the War of 1812. The Americans were upset with the British amidst their interception of American ships and declared war on the British. It was after this war ended that the true spirit of nationalism was expressed in the nation. This was the second time that the United States had faced Britain and had not loss. Nationalism began to take off which sparked the innovations of new things within the country.

At the start of the Era of Good Feelings you see that nationalism begins to spread among the country. However, there was a contrasting viewpoint that was present as well, sectionalism. Nationalism was just the start of the era, but it was from its viewpoints and beliefs that new developments were processed. Each of these new developments became closer and closer comparable with sectionalism. It was sectionalism however, that had the greatest impact on the economic s and politics of the time period. Certain factors such as the issue of slavery and the Missouri Compromise, Monroe Doctrine, foreign policy, Panic of 1819, development of nation banks, and tariff, are the sectionalistic views that eventually shape the economy and politics of the time period.

Although sectionalism was one of the greatest impacts on the U.S, nationalism cannot be overlooked during the time period. The War of 1812 caused instability for the Federalist Party who strongly opposed the war. From here you see a large growth in the Democratic-Republican Party, which was able to dispose of the Federalist Party and become the only single party during the Era of Good Feelings. The Democratic - Republican Party looked more towards the rights of the people, and was able to produce a stronger unity of the nation. A direct example of this leads to the sudden push for more women equality. Women such as Emma Hart Willard looked to use this new opportunity to try and push for more women’s rights. They believed that at this time they should have the same rights as men and be able to defend their rights accordingly. (Document c) The colonist act as if they seem to have too much confidence in their country and that the United States no matter the situation would always is right in the circumstance (Document A). Nationalism began to spark the minds of many citizens. Nationalistic poetry is one accordance you can see of the patriotism that is beginning to be developed. Many authors even writing about the flag of our country and what it stands for (Document B).

As strong as nationalism was growing throughout the nation, you start to see the rise of sectionalism throughout the nation. The North and South regions of the U.S. began to see the distinct differences within their economy and structure. With the edition of the Missouri Compromise you start to see these distinct regions and boundaries being observed and made...
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