David: The Sin of a King Analysis of 2 Samuel 11:1-27

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David: The Sin of a King
Analysis of 2 Samuel 11:1-27

Submitted to Dr. Adeeb Mickahail, in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the completion of the course

OBST 515-D18
Old Testament Orientation 1


Lisa Campbell
December 3, 2013
The story of David and Bathsheba as found in 2 Samuel11:1-27 tells us about King David’s sin. How can we as Christians apply the model from this story to our own lives? There are many principles that can be found within the narrative as well as different literary features that help us to interpret it. Using the example of David and the sin of adultery he commits, Christians can learn to apply it to their lives in today’s society. Today sex and adultery is plastered on every television and movie screen across America; Christians must learn from David’s experience to follow God’s laws and to stand up to the entertainment industry and stop them from continuing to minimize the sin of adultery.

The narrative of 2 Samuel 11:1-27 uses irony and multiple literary techniques to make it an appealing account for the reader. The story uses implied themes, narrative level of scenic presentation versus summary, and mirrored plot to tell the story of David and Bathsheba.

The story contains irony which is seen throughout; it begins in the exposition by stating that “. . . the time when kings go off to war, David sent Joab out with the king’s men and the whole Israelite army. . . . But David remained in Jerusalem” (2 Sam 11:1 NIV).1 As seen in this verse, while at that particular time the king would go to war with his soldiers; however it states that David stayed home. This sets the story in motion; if David had been with his men in battle, he might never have committed the sin of adultery. The major question is, why was the king in the city while his nation is fighting on the battlefield? By telling the reader the king stayed in the city, the narrator is...
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