Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) is a program designed to educate youth and help reduce the use of drugs. Several claims have been made that DARE is both ineffective and a waste of money. This essay will discuss who is making these claims and the evidence that supports their claim. This essay will also discuss who the counter claims makers are and provide evidence to whether the claims are plausible or not.
Millions of dollars have been pumped into the DARE program over the last 20 years. Many individuals and agencies have stated that DARE does not work. These include criminal justice researchers, U.S. Surgeon General, U.S. Department of Education, and the American Psychological Association. In 2001, the Surgeon general, David Snatcher M.D. Ph.D., placed the DARE program in the category of "Does Not Work.” The U.S. General Accountability Office concluded in 2003 that the program was sometimes counterproductive in some populations, with those who graduate from DARE later having higher rates of drug use (David Snatcher M.D. Ph.D. US Surgeon General, 2001).
In 1995, a report to the California Department of Education, stated that none of California's drug education programs worked, including DARE "California's drug education programs, DARE being the largest of them, simply do not work. More than 40 percent of the students told researchers they were 'not at all' influenced by drug educators or programs. Nearly 70 percent reported neutral to negative feelings about those delivering the antidrug (sic) message. While only 10 percent of elementary students responded to drug education negatively or indifferently, this figure grew to 33 percent of middle school students and topped 90 percent at the high school level" (Joel Brown Ph.D., 1995).
A ten year study was completed by the American Psychological Association in 2006 involving one thousand DARE graduates in an attempt to measure the effects of the program. After the ten... [continues]
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