Dante believe people in hell are tortured by fire raining from the sky as illustrated in the picture, “The Violent Tortured in the Rain of Fire”. Knowing Dante was from Italy, he was most likely a follower of Roman Catholicism. This means he would believe that people in hell are suffering the consequences of sins they committed while on earth. This is clearly shown in the picture as the people are being burned by raining fire. Dante was also influenced by St. Thomas Aquinas who was a catholic and had the same views of hell. Some social influences could have come from the fact that Dante was born into high class. This could cause him to discriminate against the lower classes who might be the people suffering in the picture. However, the most powerful influence on Dante’s views of hell was most likely Roman Catholicism.
In this play, Dante will probably visit the suffering souls in hell. He will learn who is sent there, why they are sent there, and how they suffer. The people he will find in hell will be sinners according to Catholicism. In Catholicism, everyone sins once in a while but they must repent in order to be forgiven by God. If they are not willing to ask forgiveness of God they are sent to hell. There can be redemption in hell if one acknowledges their guilt and truly wants to change their behavior in order to be with God and be redeemed. Otherwise, they will suffer eternally in hell.
Personally, I was brought up as a Catholic so I have many of the same beliefs as Dante probably had. People will go to heaven or hell based on what they did on Earth. God has a set of rules, but He also gave people free will. Therefore, people will sin. If they repent their sins, they will be forgiven by God and spend their eternal life in His glory. If they do not ask forgiveness and do not accept the guilt of their actions they will suffer eternally in hell. I am not sure if people in hell can be redeemed. I think that God is a just God and will certainly accept...
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