Background of the Study:
Moral truths are applied to human existence everywhere and at all times. This is what the researchers believe in. In relation to this, a passage from ‘On Literature and Ethics’ by Eskin, Michael, says: “The distinctive ethical force of literature inheres not in the fictional world portrayed but in the handling of language whereby that fictional world is brought into being. Literary works that resist the immediacy and transparency of language—as is the case in modernist writing—thus engage the reader ethically; and to do justice to such works as a reader is to respond fully to an event whereby otherness challenges habitual norms.” This is also supported by the statement: “it is wanting to read classical books in order to know and to avoid what is bad”. (Morality and Literature, 1906) The notion that can be formulated behind this is that man responds to what he believes is true. The researchers, on account of the Christian education they are enjoying, definitely, join the notion that there is a heaven or a hell after death. It’s a fact that many still do not believe in life after death. Most skeptics conclude that nobody really knows what happens to us after death (B.A. Robinson, 2007). Some would say that life ends at the moment of death. There are varied beliefs about this notion. And such statement below, gathered by the researchers, show people’s concept of what happens after life, if moral values are to be considered. “For all of us must appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each may receive recompense for what has been done in the body, whether good or evil. " (2Corinthians 5:10) Both the researchers are one in saying that man has to do well in preparation for life after death. Both believe that this is the tenet of Morality. So, are there really Moralistic Views about life after death? Does Morality change with due respect to the continuous evolution of a new generation? Within the limits of the researchers, it is necessary to conduct this inquiry in accordance with their career line. The researchers have encountered a perfect literary piece serving as a spiritual & literature guide in figurative analysis and criticism. This literary piece is Dante’s “Divine Comedy”. The researchers chose this literary piece out of their curiosity of human’s adventure throughout his existence. To further discuss their thoughts, they decided to study “Dante’s Divine Comedy: A Moralistic View through its Allegory”. They decided, further, to use Allegory as the channel in critiquing the philosophical-theological literary piece. This is because it serves as a better way to analyze and understand the extended metaphors employed in the content of the piece. From there, the researchers expect to achieve their goals and to bring the common beliefs of man’s awareness of Morality as a prelude to life after death. Hence, this is an attempt on the content analysis through Allegorical Signs of Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Comedy” otherwise known as “La Divina Comedia”.
Statement of the Problem:
The main objective of this study is to discover how the author used Allegory as a literary device in projecting the Moralistic View of the literary piece entitled “Divine Comedy”.
In finding out the answer/s to the main problem, the researchers will have to venture on answering other minor problems to arrive at the answer/s to the main problem. These minor problems of the study include the following: 1. What is the plot of the epic poem the “Divine Comedy”? 2. What are the Allegorical Signs found in the plot of the poem? 3. How are these Allegorical Signs used to project Christian Morality? 4. How is Allegory related to Morality in the story? In other words, what is the relationship between Allegory and Morality in the story? Significance of the Study:
This study will be very significant to different...