Dangers of Cigarette Smoking

Topics: Smoking, Lung cancer, Tobacco Pages: 28 (8732 words) Published: March 16, 2011
Dangers of Smoking Cigarettes
When you are aware of the dangers of smoking cigarettes, you can persuade yourself and others to quit the habit. Read this article to understand the harmful effects of smoking on your health.
The habit of smoking cigarettes is addictive in nature. For this reason, even though smoking causes death for millions of people all across the world, most smokers are unable to stop smoking. Addiction towards cigarettes develop mainly because of presence of nicotine in tobacco. It is not just an addictive substance but is poisonous too. You will be surprised to know that if a condensed form of this colorless liquid is injected into human body, then that person will die within minutes. Besides, there are other chemicals that are added by the manufacturers to make the cigarette burn properly. So, you can imagine the dangers of smoking cigarettes.

Harmful Effects of Smoking Cigarettes

Nicotine that you inhale with tobacco smoke first enters the lungs and then it reaches the brain and other parts of the body within 10 seconds. It remains in the bloodstream for the next 6-8 hours and affect your body adversely. So, when you are smoking cigarettes continuously throughout the day, the nicotine will remain present in the bloodstream all the time.

Nicotine influences the functioning of the brain. As a result, the brain increases secretion of adrenaline hormone in the body. This will bring about some abnormal changes in the body almost instantly that include rise in the heart rate, blood pressure and breathing rate of the smoker.

Smoking can cause irreversible damage to the blood vessels of the body. It hardens up the arteries and cause blockage which make the smoker prone to high blood pressure. When a person smokes, the heart has to work harder to maintain the normal blood flow through the narrowed arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart get weakened and the smoker develops serious heart disease which may eventually lead to death.

Those who smoke cigarettes over a prolonged period of time are at a greater risk of getting lung cancer which is life threatening. The worst part of lung cancer is that by the time it is detected, it has already spread to other areas of the body which makes it untreatable. Other forms of cancer that affect smokers include throat cancer, moth cancer, breast cancer, pancreas cancer and so on.

Cigarettes smoking has an adverse effect on the sexual health of both men and women. In men, heavy smoking can lead to impotence, erectile dysfunction, low sperm count. Regular smoking by women increases the chances of infertility. Research studies have found that those women who smoke often reach menopause at an early age.

The dangers of smoking cigarettes while pregnant is not confined to the expecting mother only but will affect the unborn baby too. Nicotine can penetrate into the mother's womb and harm the baby. Firstly, for the mother, smoking can increase the chance of ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, etc. As adequate amount of oxygen do not reach out to the growing fetus, its normal growth is likely to get affected. Moreover, it may give rise to other respiratory problems, low birth weight, mental retardation, etc. Therefore, pregnant women should not smoke and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke as well.

You should not forget the dangers of smoking cigarettes for kids. They are mostly exposed to tobacco smoke through passive smoking or secondhand smoking. The harmful health effects of smoking cigarettes have a stronger impact on small children because their immune system are not that strong and their lungs and other internal organs are not fully developed either. Exposure to smoke make children susceptible to smoking related diseases like asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, ear infections, etc.

On an average, one single cigarette contains about 9 mg of nicotine. Most of the nicotine is burned off and almost 1 mg of it enters your body with each...
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