The Daffodils" is an 1804 poem by William Wordsworth. It was inspired by an April 15, 1802event in which Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothycame across a "long belt" of daffodils. It was first published in 1807, and a revised version was released in 1815. In anthologies the poem is sometimes titled "I wandered lonely as a cloud."
The four six-line stanzas of this poem follow a quatrain-couplet rhyme scheme: ABABCC. Each line is metered in iambic tetrameter.
It is a romantic habit to wander lonely to have a chance to contemplate nature. The poet compares himself to a cloud. He is walking lonely as the cloud is moving lonely in the sky over vales and hills. So, the poet from the very beginning represents the idea of loneliness. Suddenly, in his solitude while the poet was walking lonely, he saw unlimited number of golden daffodils. They were beside the lake and under the trees. These daffodils were moving so rapidly as if they were dancing. The poet saw them fluttering and dancing together happily. They were dancing only in his eyes and imagination. In fact, the poet colors what he sees by his imagination. The physical movement of dancing reflects the psychological state of the daffodils' happiness. The first stanza a contrast between the loneliness of the poet and the crowd of the daffodils.
The poet compares these daffodils to the stars on the milky way in the sky. Both of them are numerous in number and are shining or twinkling. So, the daffodils are shining because they have yellow color at their top. So, when they are grouped together, the yellow color at their top shines like stars in the sky.
Daffodils are continuing in their movement. The poet describes their movement(dancing)saying that they were stretching along the edge of the lake as if they were human being tossing their heads. So, the poet, in this stanza, describes the happy movement of the daffodils.
These daffodils were situated in a line that never ends to the degree that he imagines himself seeing ten thousand of them. In fact, this is an exaggeration because the poet cannot see ten thousand daffodils just in one glance. But, he makes this exaggeration because he is influenced by the shiny appearance of the daffodils.
In this stanza, the poet starts to talk about the waves which are in the lake. The waves, like the daffodils, are dancing. They are happy, therefore, they are moving as if they were dancing in the lake besides the daffodils. The joy of the waves exceeds the joy of the daffodils. The waves and the daffodils are humanized as they feel joy. But, the waves are happier than the daffodils. This scene affects the poet and makes him happy. So, in the company of happy daffodils and waves, the poet should be happy like them. In this contemplation, everything in nature affects him, and makes him happy.
In this stanza the poet describes his state when he remembers the dancing of the daffodils and waves in his solitude. He says that from time to time when he has nothing to do, when his mind is vacant, or when he his mind in contemplating something, he sees by his inward eye and imagination something which gives him pleasure. He remembers the happy dancing of the daffodils and waves while he is lying on his couch. As result, he becomes happy and his heart is filled with pleasure and happiness. This can be done only in his solitude which gives him a chance to contemplate nature. Contemplation of nature is the main source of happiness to all the romantic poets. So, his contemplation of nature (the dancing of the daffodils and waves) is the source of his happiness even he starts to dance with the daffodils after his heart is filled with pleasure. This explains the effect of nature on the poet. So, this poem represents the beauty of nature and its effect on human beings.
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