UNDERSTAND HOW TO PLAN AND PROVIDE ENVIRONMENTS AND SERVICES THAT SUPPORT CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE’S HEALTH AND SAFETY
1.1 Describe the factors to take into account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services
Most of the factors to consider when planning safe and healthy environments for children and young people come down to common sense. As everyone is an individual you will need to take in to account each child/young persons level of development and ability when planning a safe and healthy environment.
If planning physical play the age and physical development will be the main factors to take into consideration, as older children usually need less stringent supervision than younger children who may still be unsteady on their feet and lacking in co-ordination skills.
If planning activities for children with sensory or visual impairment, or with learning difficulties, it is vital to ensure that they understand what you are telling them about safety issues, and you are on hand to reinforce this.
When planning any activity it is your settings duty of care to the children, parents and carers to have the childs safety and welfare uppermost in your mind. This duty of care is also a legal requirement.
The starting point for all activities planned is the desired outcomes for the children or young person. These activities should have clear aims and objectives based around their age appropriate required outcomes , eg: the EYFS for early years age groups.
All staff in a setting should know the appropriate line of responsibility and accountability for the health and safety of children. There should be clear reporting responsibilities within the setting.
1.2 Explain how health and safety is monitored and maintained and how people in the work setting are made aware of risks and hazards and encouraged to work safely
Risk assessments for all setting areas and for any outings should be carried out and updated on a regular basis. There should be clear policies and procedures for all aspects of heath and safety, and all staff should be aware of these.
(See separate health and safety policies.)
1.3 Identify sources of current guidance for planning healthy and safe environments and services
Copies of the latest legislation and guidance should be available in every setting, and also individual policies and procedures.
The following websites provide useful information on this subject
Health and safety executive: www.hse.gov.uk
Child Accident prevention trust www.capt.org.uk
Dept of education www.education.gov.uk
England & Wales www.standards.dcsf.gov.uk/eyfs/site/requirements/index.htm
1.4 Explain how current health and safety legislation, policies and procedures are implemented in own work setting or service
In my own work setting I follow policies as set out by Sheffield City Council and meeting the requirements set by ofsted. Please see attached documents as follows:-
Emergency Evacuation procedure
Health, Safety & Smoking policy
Safeguarding children policy
Outcome 2 OBSERVATION
Understand how to support children and young people to assess and manage risk for themselves
3.1 Explain why it is important to take a balanced approach to risk management
A childs development is progressed by allowing them to take controlled risks. If all risk was removed from the childs life they would never be able to function in society. By allowing them to undertake activities involving risks appropriate to their age and developmental level, in a environment where the risk is supervised and controlled by responsible adults, They will be able to develop their skills, and learn to make sensible judgements by themselves.
Every activity involves an element of risk, and this should be sensibly balanced against the benefit of the activity to...