Outcome 1 - Understand how to plan and provide environments and services that support children and young people’s health and safety
These are the following principles to consider when you are planning safe environments or activities with children. Most of them are just plain common sense, just remember though everyone is an individual and may have particular needs. The following points will help you in your planning:
• Every child is an individual – with different needs depending on their age and abilities, for an example, when physical play is involved more consideration must be given to a child who has become mobile than to an older child, when planning room layouts. • Some children have specific needs such as sensory impairments; for example think about the challenges to a child with limited hearing understanding explanations about safety • The different needs of families and carers must be considered • Always be clear about why you are using the environment in question, the activities a child encounters and what sort of services are offered • The Duty Of Care of a setting to children, parents and carers is a legal obligation. You should always have the child’s care and safety and welfare uppermost in your mind when planning • The desired outcomes for the children are the starting point. Most activities with children should have clear aims and objectives that are based around the required outcomes liked to their age; for example the EYFS for children under 5 years of age
A daily risk assessment is done within my setting; checking toys are safe, clean and not damaged. Toilet facilities are checked to make sure they are clean and soap and paper towels and toilet rolls are available. Fire exits and walkways are not blocked and check that floors are not slippery.
In my setting children are recorded what time they arrive and depart and only the registered parent/carer can collect them, if we leave the premises all children are checked against the register and they wear UV waistcoats. They then hold onto bright coloured ropes with a member of staff at each end. We must carry FA kits and ice packs. Lastly children must not let go of the rope till we reach our destination, we need to PCF’s filled in (Parental Consent Form)
All med’s are stored in accordance with the Control Of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1994 and are locked safely away from children. All Med’s must be clearly marked with the child’s name and the parent stating that they authorize the administration of the Med must sign a consent form.
Any setting should have clear policies and procedures about all aspects of H&S. All rooms and equipment used by children should be regularly checked regularly checked and monitored, to ensure everything is working well and is safe. Law requires some of these checks. e.g. PAT Testing - (Portable Appliance Testing) on all electrical equipment. Managers should make sure these checks are done and any repairs made accordingly, if an accident happens, when you have failed to check equipment it could have serious implications. It is also important that visitors follow safety guidelines to protect children in the setting as well. Obviously people that work there will be given H&S training but visitors and visiting tradesmen like plumbers, also need to know about H&S and safety requirements? The information they need depends on several factors:
• How long they are at the setting
• Which areas of the building they have access to
• Their role and responsibilities
• Contact with children at the setting
Someone who is coming to the setting for a half hour meeting with the manager will only need to know very basic information on what to do if there is a fire, a plumber coming to fix the heating system and who needs to move around the building needs to be briefed on,...