Cyprus Crysis

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MARMARA UNIVERSITY

FACULTY OF ECONOMIC AND ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

A STUDY OF

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CYPRUS CRISIS AND TURKISH INTERVENTİON TO CYPRUS

SUBMITTED TO DR. ÇAĞDAŞ ÜNGÖR

BY

EMRE ERKUT ARGA

060300044

FALL 2012

CONTENTS

I. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 II. ESSENCES OF CYPRUS CRISIS AND THE REACTIONS . . . . 2 A. JEOPOLİTİCAL İMPORTANCE OF CYPRUS . . . . . . . . 2 1. Global jeopolitical importance of Cyprus . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. Regional jeopolitical importance of Cyprus . . . . . . . . . 3 3.Jeopolitical importance of Cyprus towards Turkey’s Security . 3 B .THE APPROACH OF TURKEY AND GREECE. . . . . . . . . 4 1. Enosıs idea of the Greeks on the island. . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Turkish intervention and its results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3. Basic ideal differences between Turks and Greeks in Cyprus...6 C. THE REACTIONS OF COLD WAR ACTORS . . . . . . . . 6 1. The reaction of Soviet Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2. The reaction of United States of America. . . . . . . . . . . . 8 III. CONCLUSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

I. INTRODUCTION

«As you have been observing, our courage has not faded away after the Battle of Lepanto; there is a discrepancy between your losses and ours’. We ceded from you a land [referring to Cyprus] where you can build a kingdom, thus cut off one of your arms. [Whereas] you defeated our fleet which meant nothing more than shaving our beard. A missing arm can not be replaced but a shaved beard grows thicker»[1]

This is the quotation of Grand Vizier Sokullu Mehmed Paşa in the conversation with the Venetian ambassador Barbaro after the Battle of Lepanto. As we see Cyprus is one of the most important territories in the world by then and now. There are many warfares amd conspiracies to gain the control of Cyprus in the history. The jeopolitical importance of Cyprus always attracts the attention of foreign policies in the region. And with the rise of globalization Cyprus became an international concern. Long standing conflicts bet ween Turkey and Greece peaked at Cyprus. Because both states wanted to be arbiter in the region and they used Greek and Turkish population in order to achieve their aim. After the coup d’état in Greece, the rumours about ENOSIS based coup d’état by Greek government in Cyprus or the will of solving Cyprus Crisis with the ENOSIS basis roams around. But Turkish authorities and Turkish Ministery of Foreign Affairs declared the rejection of ENOSIS harshly .[2] In 15 July 1974 former EOKA officer Nikos Sampson executed coup d’état and declared the establishment of Cyprus Helen Republic. This is the concrete step in the path of ENOSIS. And Turkey decided to intervene in order to protect the constitutional rights of the Turkish population on the island. The reactions of the Soviet Union and United States of America proves the importance of Cyprus. A regional crisis attracted the whole worlds attention to Mediterrean Sea. The explaination of these issues is the main goal of this research.

II. . ESSENCES OF CYPRUS CRISIS AND THE REACTIONS
A. JEOPOLİTİCAL İMPORTANCE OF CYPRUS
1. Global jeopolitical importance of Cyprus
“In terms of being almost equidistant from Europe, Asia and Africa, with...
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