Physical activity is important to the short term and long term health and well being of children. In the short term physical activity helps children to build muscle, develops the skeletal frame, develops the heart and lung function and helps to prevent obesity. If children have enough physical activity a day which is said to be up to an hour it can help the children get to sleep easier and for longer periods of time, this can then lead onto long term benefits as if the activity is in the garden it will also help the child to build up a good immune system so they will be less likely to fall ill to the common cold or the flu. This outdoor environment helps the over all wellbeing of the children as the outdoors makes them fell free helping their emotional and social development as it allows them to learn new skills and develop confidence in playing alongside others. In the long term physical activity helps the children to become interested in sports and outdoor activities this is a good foundation to build when the children are young because a thy grow older it is said that children and young adults start to become less active so early physical activity is beneficial for the child in the long term. If when children are young they do take part in physical activity it is likely that they will become obese later on in their life which in turn could end up with them getting serious diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer or heart diseases, it could also result in girls having osteoporosis later on in their life. Recent studies are showing that children who have lack of physical activity in their child hood show early signs of heart disease by the time they reach the age of just 12 years old.
Natural outdoor environments is very important when it comes to physical activity and movement skills as if the child does not gain the required movement they will not gain mobility or be able to use their limbs to the full advantage. Physical development helps to get the brain working because if the brain doesn’t gage what is going on around the child it will not then gage when the child needs to use there limbs and without using the limbs the child will not learn movements. Whilst playing the children will begin to learn skills such as balance and coordination, throwing, catching, running skipping and jumping however none of these skills can be learnt if the child does not learn the movement skills. They need to learn hand-eye coordination this is when the brain will learn to make the hands and eyes work together resulting in the children being able to play catch, foot-eye coordination this starts when babies begin to learn to walk up the stairs but can then be extended when the child learns to kick a ball, balance this is learnt over time depending on the age of the child, when the child begins to learn these skills through physical activity their central nervous system will also begin to develop which will in turn help their muscles, glands and organs. This is applied into my practice by taking the children in to thee garden. When in the garden I make obstacle courses for the children with crates that range it heights and sizes, tyres and the slide. It can very day to day to teach the children different things. But by using the different height crates it allows the children to learn to balance by themselves, the slide allows the children to climb. We also have balls that the children play with but depending on the age of the child would depend on how it is used. If the child is 18 months or younger then I would roll the ball to the child and they would roll it back however if the child was 2 and over I would start to encourage them to kick it to me and back again.
Indoor environment- In my setting the indoor environment supports children’s physical activity and movement skills in various ways. It is split up into different rooms for different age groups. The babies have various rooms that they...