Cyp3.1 Sect 1.1 (Pysical & Communication Development)

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CHILD DEVELOPMENT

Physical

This is a period of very fast development
As a new-born – the infant has no control over movement, but will start to lift its head and roll over by around 3 months and by 12 mths they have a degree of mobility eg crawling, sometimes starting to walk. Babies of a few months old will grasp at objects and the ability to hold objects will develop. In 2nd yr, they will be walking, and can point & hold small objects and start to dress themselves although struggle with buttons. A typical three-year-old will be walking and running with confidence, learning toilet training, using a cup and spoon. They will be holding a pencil and scribbling, and will have sufficient hand to eye coordination to catch and throw a ball.

From 0 to 3, a child doubles in height and quadruples in weight. Bodily proportions also alter so that the baby becomes a toddler with a more balanced, adult-like appearance

Physical

Between three and five years of age, children continue to grow rapidly and begin to develop fine-motor skills. By age five most children will have fairly good control of pencils, crayons, and scissors. Gross motor skills include the ability to skip and balance on one foot.

Whilst physical growth slows down between five and eight years, body proportions and motor skills become more refined, and by 7, children can ride bikes, draw in detail and dress themselves easily. They will have more co-ordinated movements & more confidence.

Physical

As the child gets older, they will refine skills, with hobbies & interests give more practice in some areas eg football – kicking ball. Fine motor skills will be strong enabling them to play musical instruments or sewing for example.

They will start with the onset of puberty, and begin to develop at a much quicker pace. The age at which individuals enter puberty varies. It tends to begin earlier in girls where they may be showing signs of puberty at 10 or 11 with changing body shape.

Physical

Physically, children will be growing stronger.

Boys will now be starting puberty with outwards signs being voices start to break.

Girls finish going through puberty with periods starting at 13 or 14. Boys and girls both show growth spurts, although on average, boys will be taller than girls

Physical

Physically, children will be growing stronger.

Boys will now be starting puberty with outwards signs being voices start to break.

Girls finish going through puberty with periods starting at 13 or 14. Boys and girls both show growth spurts, although on average, boys will be taller than girls

communication & language
From the very start, infants pay close attention to language. By 6 months, the infant will exchange sounds, facial expressions, or gestures with a parent and listen to conversations and may try to repeat some sounds

Most infants start trying to speak at 12 months old.(Linguistic stage) They understand the names of familiar people and objects and show this with responsive body language and facial expressions They may a few words and will respond to a firm "no" by stopping what they are doing.

From 1st yr onwards, they start putting words together and by the age of 2 have a 200 word vocabulary, but will have errors with grammar – eg ‘I drawed it’

By the time they have reached 3, most children develop a spoken vocabulary of around 1,000 words, and they are able to use language to learn about and describe the world around them.

communication & language
Experiences grow and they will start to use increasing number of phrases and ask lots of questions - Past and future tenses are used.

By age five, a child's vocabulary will grow to approximately 1,500 words. Five-year-olds are also able to produce five-to seven-word sentences, learn to use the past tense, and tell familiar stories using pictures as cues.

They are emergent readers. They can name and recognize some letters and sounds. They often "read"...
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