Explain how to monitor children and young people’s development using different methods.
Observation. Children can change according to who they are with and whether they know that they are being watched. This means that you will need to observe children in a range of different situations, e.g. with other children, playing by themselves and when they are with an adult. It is also important to see what children can do when they do not know that an adult is watching them. This is sometimes known as naturalistic observation as in theory we are watching children being ‘natural’.
Narrative methods including running records.
Narrative methods ones where you write at the time what children are doing. Popular variations are running records, when you keep on writing over a period of time, and snapshot observations, when you just catch a little of what the child is doing. The observer either notices something that is interesting and starts to write it down, or has already decided what skill or area of development to look for. The observer simply writes down what he or she can see as it is happening.
In some settings a daily record is kept of what children have done. This is often shared with parents and it is useful for children and young people who do not have speech for example a baby or a young person with learning difficulties. The adults or parents working with the children write down things that they think are Important. With babies for example, it might be the times of feeds while with toddlers it might be about what they have enjoyed doing. Photographs can also be added to diaries.
Anecdotal observations are the ones that you have not actually seen, but are points that others such as parents might tell you about. Parents for example have seen their baby walk...