It is series of change or growth that process undertakes, normally to improve on that process, leading to a mature stage. Sequence
It is when one event follows one event after another, secession, and the events that happen after a previous event has taken place are normally dependent of the previous event. Rate
It is a quantity of something in comparison with, example, from the birth of a child to the moment the child will start to talk, the child will go through different stages of development and different rates. Why this difference is important
The sequence of a child’s development guides us as to what stage of development they are at. This enables us to record mile stones when reached. Always we have to remember that children develop at different stages, information and resources we receive are only guidelines, these help us to monitor what children can and cannot do at certain stages in their lives. It will also help us to plan effectively to ensure they get the attention they need, in the areas in which they find challenging. The difference between the sequence and rate is very important to recognise so we can identify where children need help or may be at risk of having Special Education Needs (SEN). Example: Physical development, follows a definite sequence, an example of this would be that a baby would have to first learn how to hold his/her own head up before he/she would be able to sit with just its lower back supported. Example: Cognitive Development, from the birth of a child to the moment the child starts to talk the child will go through different stages of development and different rate. First baby will start to learn simple reflexes through exploring new objects, through the means of touching and seeing, over an average period of six weeks. At the end of six week, or sooner or later depending on the baby (this is an example of rate of development). While the sequences are common amongst most children what often changes is the rate in which they develop the skills. It is very important to monitor children’s sequence and rate of development in order for us to determine the kind of help they will need and of whom they will need to be referred too. (Blurtit .com)Accessed 1/02/2012. 2.1An explanation of how children and young people’s development is influenced by: a range of external factors and a range of personal factors. ‘There are many factor which affect the children’s healthy growth and development’ (Meggitt, 2011). External Factors: Setting environment, poor practice, child abuse, adult expectation, English second language, education and family background. Personal factors: Health problems, Lack of parenting, premature baby, adult expectation, family circumstances, disability, child abuse. (Oppaper.com) accessed 2/02/2012. Examples of personal factors: during pregnancy if the mother smokes, take drugs, becomes ill or suffers from stress; this can result in premature birth and health problems for the baby. This can have an influence on the child’s development, low birth weight, undeveloped organs; the child might have problems with sight and hearing. Environment: if the child lives in a dusty house, perhaps with pets this could trigger Asthma and breathing problems, children with health problems may miss time out of school, this could affect their social development, such as making friends. Family circumstances: if parents are divorced or have a low socio economic background, this could affect the child’s emotional development. Perhaps the child may not be able to attend school trips. Examples of external factors: adult expectation can affect the child’s development because they might ask too much from the child and come across as negative toward them. The child might feel worthless, have low self- esteem,...