Cyp 3.4 Health and Safety

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CYP Core 3.4
Support children and young people’s Health and Safety

When planning a healthy and safe indoor or outdoor environment there are some factors that need to be taken into account.

Specific Risk to individuals.
Specific Risk to individuals.
Age, needs and abilities of the children and young people.
Age, needs and abilities of the children and young people.

Desired outcomes for children and young people.
Desired outcomes for children and young people.

Line of responsibility and accountability.
Line of responsibility and accountability.

The duty of care.
The duty of care.
Function and Purpose of the environment or service offered.

Function and Purpose of the environment or service offered.

Needs of carers.
Needs of carers.
Health and Safety factors to consider when planning.
Health and Safety factors to consider when planning.

Age, needs and abilities of children and young people

All children and young people have developmental milestones which tell us the approximate age at which most children are likely to develop certain skills and ways they are expected to behave. However, the individual needs of each child or young person needs to be taken into account when planning a safe and healthy learning environment as the needs and abilities of each individual will vary particularly if an impairment, such as a learning difficulty or a physical disability has been identified. The age, needs and abilities of children impact significantly on what is safe or unsafe for them to come into contact with. For instance an eight month old baby will be expected to pick up objects within their reach and put them to their mouth so when planning a safe environment for them it will be important to keep small objects that present a choking hazard out of their reach. It is with this in mind that most practitioners will choose toys and materials safely. Before choosing toys they must be checked to ensure that they carry a safety mark which gives assurance that the products are safe to use as directed by the manufacturer. It is very important that toys and equipment are used in the way instructed by the manufacturer and not for any other purpose. All toys and equipment must also be assembled using the manufacturer instructions and age guidelines must be followed. E.g. “This product is not safe for children under 3 due to small parts”. It is important to remember the specific needs and abilities of each child when allowing them to use toys and equipment as some children for example may have developmental delays and still put things in their mouth like younger children so exercising extra caution may be necessary. Choosing toys and equipment that is durable and will last longer is practical as they are more likely to withstand constant use and have less of a chance of breaking and becoming potentially dangerous to the children using them. At St Cuthbert’s the needs and abilities of all children were taken into account when planning the outdoor areas, the school grounds and split into three different sections nursery and reception yard, year one and two yard and year three through to six have a separate yard. Each yard has been designed to specifically meet the needs of the children using i.e. smaller climbing frames for the younger children and larger ones for the old. The school building and grounds are all on one level and would be suitable for wheelchair users to access easily.

Specific Risk to Individuals

Some activities or situations can present specific risks to individuals. It is important to have good knowledge and understanding of each child or young person we work with so that we can recognise the risks if and when they occur and reduce the risk to an acceptable level or offer a suitable alternative.

* If a young person is pregnant some activities otherwise deemed safe for her will become more of a risk to her because she is pregnant i.e. Trampolining,...
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