Cyp 3.1

Topics: Childhood, Developmental psychology, Human development Pages: 7 (2939 words) Published: March 11, 2013
Assessment Task – CYP Core 3.1 Understand Child and Young Person Development

An Explanation of the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth to 19 Years

Aspects of a child and young person’s development include: Physical Development: Gross motor skills (using large muscles such as arms and legs), fine motor skills (precise use of muscles such as hands and fingers). Intellectual / Communication: Learning the skills of understanding, communicating with others. Social and Emotional: This is the development of a child’s identity and self image, the development of relationships and learning the skills of living in society. Spiritual aspects of a child’s development: This is about developing sense of relationship with self, relating to others ethically, morally and humanely and a relationship with the universe. As every child grows at a different rate to each other so do other aspects of their personal development; therefore this is just a rough guide to a child and young person development. Physical Development from 0 – 19 Years (Gross and Fine Motor Skills) •As a newborn, infants are showing signs of physical development. They can move their head and limbs, will start to grasp fingers and if held in an upright position use their legs in a stepping movement. •By 6 months old an infant can roll from their backs onto their stomachs and push their head, chest and neck off the floor. •By 1 year old they could be sitting alone without support, reach out for toys and could also be mobile through crawling or shuffling. By this age a child will have started to show hand preference, can click two cubes together and will place cubes in a box when shown how to. •At 18 months a child may be able to walk alone, will push and pull toys when walking and are able to kick, roll and throw a ball. Some children are capable of using a spoon, turn a handle of a door and pull off their shoes. •Between the ages of 2 and 4 years old a child will have greatly improved both their gross and fine motor skills. Most young children can jump off the ground with both feet. They can walk up and down stairs with both feet on one step and run without falling. Some children may also be able to pedal a tricycle, aim, throw and catch a large ball and walk on their tiptoes. Toddlers may also be able to follow a simple dancing rhythm. Fine motor skills of a young child between 2 and 4 years may include drawing circles and dots, drawing faces and turning a single page in a book. They are capable of using a spoon to feed themselves, can thread large beads and undo buttons. By the time a child is 4 they are capable of drawing more detailed pictures of people and can cut around an object with scissors. •From the ages of 4 to 7 years old a child’s fine motor skills may include; putting together a 12 piece jigsaw and are able to button and unbutton their own clothes. By 5 years old they are learning to form letters and some are capable of writing their own name with no support. At around 7 years old a child is able to control a pencil in a small area and accurately use a pair of scissors. Some children may have a better understanding of making intricate models. Gross motor skills for a 4 to 7 year old can include jumping, riding a bicycle. They are able to run quickly, be skilled enough to hit a ball accurately with a bat and balance on a wall or beam. Some children may be capable of roller skating and get up without using their hands for support. •Both skills (gross and motor) are being enhanced by the time a child has reached the age of 11. They will have improved on the physical skills they have already developed. Their body strength will have increased along with their balance and coordination. Children will have increased in both weight and height and some young girls from as young as 8, puberty may have begun. Breast may start to develop and their menstruation cycle begins. Young adolescents’ fine motor skills will have enhanced and...
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