Index 1. Introduction 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. History of Internet and World Wide Web Need for cyber law Cyber crime on the rise Important terms related to cyber law
2. Cyber law in India 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. Need for cyber law in India History of cyber law in India Information Technology Act, 2000 Overview of other laws amended by the IT Act, 2000 National Policy on Information Technology 2012
3. Overview of the Information Technology Act, 2000 4. Overview of Rules issued under the IT Act, 2000 5. Electronic commerce 6. Electronic contracts 7. Cyber crimes / Cyber Frauds 7.1. 7.2. 7.3. 7.4. Definition of cyber crime First Cyber crime Types of cyber frauds Cyber frauds in India 1
7.5. 7.6. 7.7. 7.8. 7.9. 7.10.
Preventive measures Cyber crimes Who commits cyber crimes? Penalties and offences under the IT Act, 2000 Offences under other legislations Investigation of cyber crimes in India
8. Regulatory Authorities 9. Cloud computing 10. 11. Case laws Important websites & Addresses
1. INTRODUCTION "Cyber" is a prefix used to describe a person, thing, or idea as part of the computer and information age. Taken from kybernetes, Greek word for "steersman" or "governor," it was first used in cybernetics, a word coined by Norbert Wiener and his colleagues. The virtual world of internet is known as cyberspace and the laws governing this area are known as Cyber laws and all the netizens of this space come under the ambit of these laws as it carries a kind of universal jurisdiction. Cyber law can also be described as that branch of law that deals with legal issues related to use of inter-networked information technology. In short, cyber law is the law governing computers and the internet. The growth of Electronic Commerce has propelled the need for vibrant and effective regulatory mechanisms which would further strengthen the legal infrastructure, so crucial to the success of Electronic Commerce. All these regulatory mechanisms and legal infrastructures come within the domain of Cyber law. Cyber law is important because it touches almost all aspects of transactions and activities on and involving the internet, World Wide Web and cyberspace. Every action and reaction in cyberspace has some legal and cyber legal perspectives. Cyber law encompasses laws relating to – Cyber crimes Electronic and digital signatures Intellectual property Data protection and privacy 3
History of Internet and World Wide Web
The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standardized Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP). It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private and public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope that are linked by copper wires, fiber-optic cables, wireless connections, and other technologies. The Internet carries a vast array of information resources and services, most notably the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support electronic mail, in addition to popular services such as online chat, file transfer and file sharing, online gaming, and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) person-to-person communication via voice and video. The origins of the Internet dates back to the 1960s when the United States funded research projects of its military agencies to build robust, fault-tolerant and distributed computer networks. This research and a period of civilian funding of a new U.S. backbone by the National Science Foundation spawned worldwide participation in the development of new networking technologies and led to the commercialization of an international network in the mid 1990s, and resulted in the following popularization of countless applications in virtually every aspect of modern human life. The terms Internet and World Wide Web are often used in everyday speech without much distinction. However, the Internet and the World Wide Web...