Cyber Laws are the basic laws of a Society and hence have implications on every aspect of the Cyber Society such as Governance, Business, Crimes, Entertainment, Information Delivery, Education etc.
WHY THE NEED FOR CYBER LAW?
• Coming of the Internet.
• Greatest cultural, economic, political and social transformation in the history of human society. • Complex legal issues arising leading to the development of cyber law. • Different approaches for controlling, regulating and facilitating electronic communication and commerce.
CATEGORIES OF CYBER LAWS
• Laws Relating to Digital Contracts
• Laws Relating to Digital Property
• Laws Relating to Digital Rights
• Law of Cyber Crimes
THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2000 - INDIA 'S FIRST CYBERLAW • Aims to provide the legal infrastructure for e-commerce in India. • India 's codified Cyber law is the Information Technology Act, 2000 (Act 21 of 2000). • Based on the UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce, 1996. • IT Act is divided into 13 chapters and has 94 sections. • Amendments to IPC, Indian Evidence Act, Bankers Book Evidence Act and RBI Act have been effected.
The Act provides for:
• Legal Recognition of Electronic Documents
• Legal recognition of Electronic commerce Transactions
• Admissibility of Electronic data/evidence in a Court of Law • Legal Acceptance of digital signatures
• Punishment for Cyber obscenity and crimes
• Establishment of Cyber regulations advisory Committee and the Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal. • Facilitation of electronic filing maintenance of electronic records.
THE IT ACT, 2000 – OBJECTIVES
• To provide legal recognition for transactions:-
• Carried out by means of electronic data interchange, and • Other means of electronic communication, commonly referred to as "electronic commerce", involving the use of alternatives to paper-based methods of communication and storage of information, • To facilitate electronic filing of...