Cyber Law

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Cyber-Crime: A Threat To Ethiopia
Seminar on the Current Legal Issue of Ethiopia’s Criminal Justice System Whether Ethiopia Needs an Updated Cybercrime Law or Not? (SEMINAR ON CURRENT LEGAL TOPICS)

SUBMITTED TO: TSEGAYE BERHANE (LLB, LLM)

SUBMITTED BY: ADANECH CHIKSA…………………………FL/UR0114/99 ADDISALEM KEFYALEW…………………………FL/UR015/99 AYANALEM ABADI …………………………FL/UR033/99 BINYAM YAKOB…………………………FL/UR046/99

Mekelle University Dec, 2010

Cyber-Crime: A Threat To Ethiopia

Seminar on Current Legal topics

Acknowledgement
We would like to acknowledge our instructor Ato Tsegaye Berhane for opening such a path for us so as to dig more and widen our horizon in this subject matter which is newly added in the curriculum. The subject being a new phenomenon, it was a little difficult to find organized and directly related sources. Fortunately we managed to use surrounding available sources as much as possible and completed to required task.

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Cyber-Crime: A Threat To Ethiopia

Seminar on Current Legal topics

Cyber-Crime: Is It A Threat To Ethiopia? Seminar on the Current Legal Issue of Ethiopia‟s Criminal Justice System Whether Ethiopia Needs an Updated Cybercrime Law or Not?

Introduction
The Internet is one of the fastest-growing areas of technical infrastructure development overwhelming all the activities in the detailed part of human life. Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), now a days are omnipresent and the trend of digitalization is growing. The demand for Internet and computer connectivity has led to the integration of computer technology with the behavior of mankind starting from the easy tasks in day-to-day activity up to being assimilated into products that usually functioned without it, such as cars and buildings. Electricity supply, transportation infrastructure, military services and logistics – virtually all modern services depend on the use of ICTs. Society in general could be advantaged because of the availability of ICTs and new network-based services. Developing counties have taken the lead in the use of ICTs relating totally upon computers and network-based service. Developed countries use ICT applications for many purposes (developing countries are also included in this point, at least some applications are being used in many counties), such as e-Government, e-Commerce, e-Education, e-Health and eEnvironment, are seen as enablers for development, as they provide an efficient channel to deliver a wide range of basic services every aspect of life. ICT applications can facilitate the achievement of millennium development targets, reducing poverty and improving health and environmental conditions in developing countries. Given the right approach, context and implementation processes, investments in ICT applications and tools can result in productivity and quality improvements. The costs of Internet services are often also much lower than comparable services outside the network. E-mail services are often available free of charge or cost very little compared to traditional postal services. The online encyclopedia Wikipedia can be used free of charge, as can hundreds of online hosting services. Lower costs are important, as they enable services to be used by many more users, including people with only limited income. Given the limited financial

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Cyber-Crime: A Threat To Ethiopia

Seminar on Current Legal topics

resources of many people in developing countries, the Internet enables them to use services they may not otherwise have access to outside the network. ICT has brought people close contributing great hand to globalization. People are connecting easily through chat-rooms, e-mails, video conference and many more. ICT has also contributed to the court system introducing an effective (as to time and cost) way of E-litigation. E-litigation is applicable in many countries including Ethiopia importing this system for effective case flow management a couple of years back....
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