Cwin

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CHAPTER-ONE
Introduction

1.1.Background

Child labor is the bitter fact for us and one of the ignored invisible child labor phenomena is child domestic labor. In Nepal it is estimated that around 2.6 million children work on their child hood, out of which 127 thousands are involved in worst from of child labor and among them around 100 thousands are in different households working. According to ILO rapid Assessment on Child Domestic Labor 2001, there are more than 55000 children involved into domestic work in urban households of Nepal.

The same rapid assessment has recommended the child domestic labor as worst from of child labor and to have an urgent interventions to end the worst practices on child domestic labor.

CWISH (Children-Women in Social Service and Human Rights) have been working on the field of child domestic labor to improve their situation since 1996. On the due course of its works, it has benefited thousands of children in domestic service through different interventions and approaches.

Since 2003 CWISH has started to publish out annual status report on child domestic labor with collecting information from those children who are benefited with CWISH programs and services. In this regard CWISH has published this annual status report 2004 on child domestic labor with the information received from those children in domestic service who are the first time service receiver for CWISH.

In 2004, CWISH has organized 34 non-formal education classes in different 12 places of Kathmandu metropolis and five place of Lalitpur sub metro. At the same time it has also provided formal school education support and vocational skill training for children in domestic service. Similarly it has organized different empowerment and awareness raising as well a advocacy programs on the field of child domestic labor. With this program, last year around 2500 children are directly benefited and out of them 923 were the first time service receiver for CWISH.

With the first hand information received from these 923 children in domestic service CWISH has published out this Annual Status Report-2004 Children in Domestic Service in Kathmadhu Valley.

CWIN is one of the active organization which is registered under HMG/District Administration Office/Kathmandu, No: 517-047-2048 and is affiliated with the social Welfare Council (SWC) No: 409/2048. It is a pioneer child right organization established in 1987 by a group of university students in Nepal focusing on children in crisis including child labor, trafficking, bonded child labor, street children, child abuse and children in conflict. It has served as a forum to articulate the interest and problem of child laborers.

It works for the advocacy, protection and promotion of the right of the child through lobbying, campaigning and social conceintisation. It is also directly working with children at risk for their rescue, support, socialization, rehabilitation and social reintegration. CWIN is the voice for children. It believes that working for children is just not a charitable action but one which can bring about social change. In order to translate in CWIN conception of working "for children, with children" into action, priority is given to promoting and ensuring children right to participation.

CWIN plays the role of a facilitator in different districts to empower and promote local initiatives on child rights. This is done through the Children Right Forums (CRF) which are organization of children in different part of the country. CWIN has facilitated the formation of 270 such children forums with a total membership of about 30000 children in 30 districts in the country.

Child labor is the bitter for us and one of the ignored invisible child labor phenomena is child domestic labor. In Nepal it is estimated that around 2.6 million children work on their child hood, out of which 127 thousands are involved in worst from of child...
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