Assignment #4: Customized Learning Theory
Joanndra S. McCrea
Professor Oliver Boone
Learning Theories (K-12)-EDU 501
March 16, 2014
Describe the target audience with which you work or expect to work (e.g., third grade, special education, etc.). The target audience that I expect to work with are kindergarteners. I want to teach a group of diverse students in between the ages of five and six years old. These kids should know their colors and shapes. The students should know how to name must uppercase and lowercase letters. They can read a few words. They should be able to count from 1 to 10. The main goals I will have for my students are to help them to develop and apply their reading, writing, speaking, and listening in all subjects in order to succeed in upper classes and through life. Within the first weeks I will observe each student to learn their strengths and weaknesses in development. Understanding what they need will help me to plan activities that will help their development. I would also be able to relay what I have learned about the children to their parents and let them know how to support their children’s development and learning at home. I want my audience to be ready to learn. I will focus on their emotional, physical, language, cognitive, literacy, and math skills. I would offer a great learning experience for the students and focus on preparing then for an exciting life-long journey of learning. I plan on providing my students with a strong foundation in reading, writing, and math. I plan on having fun while doing it. We will learn social skills, problem-solving skills, and thinking skills. “In order for students to learn meaningfully, they must be willfully engaged in a meaningful task. In order for meaningful learning to occur, the task that students pursue should engage active, constructive, intentional, authentic, and cooperative activities” (Howland, Jonassen, & Marra, 2012). I would want small class sizes so that I am able to give each student the attention they need. 2.
Discuss which theories or element of theories we have discussed apply to the target audience you have described. I think that just about all of the theories or element of theories we have discussed applies to kindergarteners. Teachers can always incorporate the theories of Piaget into their teaching strategies. Piaget’s stage theory explains cognitive development. Cognitive development is at the center of every growing human. His stages describe development from birth through adulthood. The one that would come into play here is preoperational which is 18-24 mths-age 7. Five-year olds or kindergarteners are now being introduced to computers. When I went to observe my son’s kindergarten class his teacher would read them a story aloud and then they would have to take a test about the story on the computer. Some students could read the questions on their own but some could not. They needed audio or they needed someone to read to them. Teachers have to learn each student. They have to know how each student process and learn information. They have to know how each student remembers information and all of this relates to Piaget’s learning. This also relates to Piaget’s learning. This also relates back to design and develop digital-age learning experiences and assessments which is number two under the NETS for teachers. Once they learn these aspects of the students than they can design or adapt relevant learning experiences that incorporate digital tools and resources to promote student learning and creativity. Cognitive information simply is processing information. So how are these kindergarteners going to intake all of this information all at once? How are they going to react to a new environment? Cognitive information means that you have to go through certain things and be present at certain events in order to get the knowledge and process the information. Before...
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