Curriculum has numerous definitions, which can be slightly confusing. In its broadest sense a curriculum may refer to all courses offered at a school. This is particularly true of schools at the university level, where the diversity of a curriculum might be an attractive point to a potential student. A curriculum may also refer to a defined and prescribed course of studies, which students must fulfill in order to pass a certain level of education. For example, an elementary school might discuss how its curriculum, or its entire sum of lessons and teachings, is designed to improve national testing scores or help students learn the basics. An individual teacher might also refer to his or her curriculum, meaning all the subjects that will be taught during a school year. On the other hand, a high school might refer to a curriculum as the courses required in order to receive one’s diploma. They might also refer to curriculum in exactly the same way as the elementary school, and use curriculum to mean both individual courses needed to pass, and the overall offering of courses, which help prepare a student for life after high school. Usually, students in high school and colleges have some degree of choice in pursuing their education. They often have an individual curriculum which helps them attain a degree or to specialize in a certain field. Even at the high school level, curriculum may be separated into courses that make one eligible to attend certain colleges, and courses that will merely earn students a diploma. Some high schools have curriculum specially designed for students who plan to work in a trade after finishing high school. In those cases, a high school may offer certification in secretarial or construction skills when a student follows a specific curriculum. In colleges, specific courses make up the individual’s curriculum, allowing one to obtain a degree or certification in a certain field. Usually an individual will have to complete a certain amount of general education courses, and then specialized courses within a chosen field. In this way, the curriculum is individualized to the person’s desire for a certain type of expertise. Not following the prescribed curriculum may mean not obtaining a degree. Curricular Changes and Content
I believe that there will be a number of curricular changes in the next 10 years. These changes will primarily take place because of the changing world that we live in today. Our educational system must keep up with the world around us; therefore the changes that take place in curriculum will be based on and due to what is taking place in our world. The introduction of the personal computer and the Internet has made huge strides in how school children learn independently at home. According to David Thornburg, because the Internet is "doubling in size every year, and the web is doubling in size every 90 days there is need for a complete rethinking of education" (2006). Learners will have "technological fluency to sit down at a computer and use it as easily as they can pick up and read a book in their native language" (2006). The curriculum will include technological literacy as its core subject from a very early age. I believe the computer will develop in ways that will enhance learning. Learners will continue be exposed to information from both television and the Internet through moving images. More attention will be given to learning strategies in the curriculum ten years from now. The curriculum will include brain based learning ideas and the steps required to reach learners so that learning is meaningful. This will include their feelings. There will be a great deal of team discussions and personal reflections by parents, students, teachers and students. "Brain-based" learning will be more than an idea. The learning process has been changing for the past years. This change will be more evident in the future. According to David Sousa, "yesterday's methods worked...
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