Curriculum Guides for Academic Interventions
Grand Canyon University <SPE 558>
March 27, 2013
Strategies used: Student Engagement & Peer-Assisted Learning (Center for Innovations in Education, 2006) Educational Purpose:
To keep the student actively engaged will keep them away from having time to behave inappropriately (CISE, 2006). . It will also keep them from wanting to veer away from the educational activity. The key word here is actively. The goal or objective here is to engage the student actively, meaning we aren’t just keeping him/her busy, we are talking to them, asking questions, getting them to participate in the educational activity, as well as getting them to want to participate in the activity. Keeping the student with EBD actively engaged throughout an entire activity can be done. It’s not easy, but can be done.
With peer-assisted Learning, the student with EBD proves to be showing high levels of engagement. The goal or objective here is to use peer-assisted learning strategies (PALS) to put together a reader and a coach to practice skills needed to complete the tasks. In many cases, positive effects were shown when using PALS but in some cases, the results were mixed (CISE, 2006). Mixed results were found when PALS was used with reading and students with EBD demonstrated that there were only moderate gains in reading achievement, slight improvements for some in time spent attending, and no improvement in inappropriate behavior during instruction CISE, 2006). Task Analysis:
Survival sign matching with flashcards:
The students will come into class and see their orange folders out on the main tables. They know their orange folders have their indoor, outdoor, and workplace survival signs in them. We will start with the outdoor signs. The game we usually play is where the students first lay out all of their cards on the table; keeping them separate from other student’s cards. The next thing we do is the teacher holds up one card at a time. The students have to say which sign it is and then find the corresponding sign in their pile of flashcards. Whoever is the first one to find the card gets to put a tally mark up by their name on the board. Whoever has the most tally marks gets to pick out of the treasure box after the game is over. We will do this with the indoor and workplace signs too. The tally marks start over with each change in signs; indoor-outdoor-workplace. This task is great because you get the students interacting with their movements, their words, and it keeps them from thinking about inappropriate behaviors. This is also great for when a student can’t find the sign, another student helps them locate it.
Sign language with flashcards:
We will do this with all of the students sitting around the large table. The teacher has a big pile of laminated pictures with a picture of someone signing the picture. The teacher will hold one up at a time while the students sign what it is. Some students are taking a little bit longer to learn them than other students are so there is a lot of peer-assistance going on in this activity. The teacher will go through the whole pile and keep the ones where most students showed difficulty, to the side so those will be the focus for next time. This engaging activity again, gets the students moving, and checking with each other to make sure they are doing the right sign. The kinesthetic learning keeps students with EBD too occupied to think about inappropriate behavior. With the teacher responding correctly to the students actions is key (Yell, Meadows, Drasgow, & Shriner pg. 325, 2009). Possible Interventions: We try to stay away from a reactive management style but sometimes things don’t go as planned. Rules need to be set right away in order for students to follow them and stay actively engaged. If there are ground rules set in place in the...