Current Treatment & Rehabilitation Methods for Drug and Substance Abuser in Bangladesh

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Current Treatment & Rehabilitation Methods for Drug and Substance Abuser in Bangladesh

August: 2011

Prakash Chandra Roy
Dept. of Criminology & Police Science
Student No: CP08030, Session: 2007-2008

Current Treatment & Rehabilitation Methods for Drug and Substance Abuser in Bangladesh

Course Title: Offender Treatment: Theories & Methods

Supervised by:
Md. Abdul Kader Miah Lecturer,
Department of Criminology and Police Science Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University.

Submitted by:
Prakash Chandra Roy
Third Year Second Semester Student No:-CP08030
Department of Criminology and Police Science Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University.

August: 2011

The research work is prepared for the partial fulfillment of the course no CPS-3207 in the department of Criminology & Police Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science & Technology University, Santosh, Tangail - 1902.

ABSTRACT

Drug addiction is a complex illness. It is characterized by intense and, at times, uncontrollable drug craving, along with compulsive drug seeking and use that persist even in the face of devastating consequences. Many people do not realize that addiction is a brain disease. While the path to drug addiction begins with the act of taking drugs, over time a person’s ability to choose not to do so becomes compromised, and seeking and consuming the drug becomes compulsive. This behavior results largely from the effects of prolonged drug exposure on brain functioning. Addiction affects multiple brain circuits, including those involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and inhibitory control over behavior. Some individuals are more vulnerable than others to becoming addicted, depending on genetic makeup, age of exposure to drugs, other environmental influences, and the interplay of all these factors.

Drug abuse and addiction increase a person’s risk for a variety of other mental and physical illnesses related to a drug-abusing lifestyle or the toxic effects of the drugs themselves. Additionally, a wide range of dysfunctional behaviors can result from drug abuse and interfere with normal functioning in the family, the workplace, and the broader community. Because drug abuse and addiction have so many dimensions and disrupt so many aspects of an individual’s life, treatment is not simple. Effective treatment programs typically incorporate many components, each directed to a particular aspect of the illness and its consequences. Addiction treatment must help the individual stop using drugs, maintain a drug-free lifestyle, and achieve productive functioning in the family, at work, and in society. Because addiction is a disease, people cannot simply stop using drugs for a few days and be cured. Most patients require long-term or repeated episodes of care to achieve the ultimate goal of sustained abstinence and recovery of their lives.

To know the current treatment and rehabilitation methods for drug and substance abusers, in Bangladesh we have visited Central Drug Addict Treatment & Rehabilitation Center. We have collected the data through KII and FGD.

Our findings will be integrated with current evidence supporting the most effective drug abuse and addiction treatments and their implementation, which are reflected in this report.

ABBREVIATION

CTDC= Central Drug Treatment Center.
CTC = Central Treatment Center.
DNC = Department of Narcotics Control.
HIV = Human Immune deficiency Virus.
IDU = Injecting Drug Users.
KII = Key...
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