Term Paper #1
Individual's rights and freedom is all based upon the United States Constitution, and has caused much of the debates in our country throughout time. With much of the debate on the proposal's of gun control in our nation, we have to keep inconsideration of the U.S. Constitutional rights we have as people. Should we enact the proposal's President Barack Obama stated on gun control, or keep the remaining right's of individuals based upon the U.S. Constitution? Thirteen original British colonies sent delegates to gather, and soon agreed upon separating from British Parliament and monarchy, due to the underrepresented rights they did not have with the economic interests and laws British implied, known as the First Continental Congress. With the separation of the Crown, they began boycotting British goods, which caused colonist to form their own militias, due to fights between colonist and British army. A Second Continental Congress gathered once again providing colonist to arm themselves in state of defense, further detaching from Britain. The committee within the Continental Congress began preparing a resolution in claiming freedom and independence of the colonies, which is known as the Deceleration of Independence. July 4, 1776 the Deceleration of Independence was approved with all changes and agreed that the document was based on individual rights that could not be given or taken away. As time passed, the Continental Congress projected the Articles of Confederation, the United States first constitution, which was ratified by all thirteen colonies in 1781. This document included the Continental Congress as the legislature, allowing all original thirteen states the independence and sovereign to conduct their own foreign policy. With no central government set in place, states were able to conduct their own laws based on taxes that were needed to be made to repay debt of the Revolutionary War. The Continental Congress did not have the power to force the states to pay their taxes, they just simply had to ability to ask them to do so. With the outcome of the Revolutionary War debt, wages fell 20 percent on imports and exports causing state legislation to tax farmers to pay for debt and soon caused Shay's Rebellion defining the weakness of the national government under the Articles of Confederation. This caused the Continental Congress to hold a Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in May 1787. The Constitutional Convention was set up to revise the Articles of Confederation, due to the weak national government it had, wanting to strengthen their powers in able to unify the colonies. As the Constitution Congress began revising the Articles of Confederation, then soon realized they would need to draft a whole new Constitution to help strengthen the national government. In the book Conflict and Consensus in American Politics by Wayne, Mackenzie, and Cole they state, “a national Government ought to be established consisting of a supreme legislative, executive, and judiciary” (39). As many idea's came about from drafting a new Constitution, the large and small states both had plans. The Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan both were put together in the new Constitution, coming up with a plan that included a bicameral legislature, the House or Representatives who was based upon population and the Senate that would be equal in every state. As the Constitution began being approved, the states began ratifying the new document, certain states only agreed to ratification if the First Congress would adopt a bill of rights that would guarantee individuals civil rights and liberty. The U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights allowed individuals rights to be protected by the federal government and not only the states, by adopting the ten amendments to the Constitution. Individual right's has been the biggest issue regarding gun control. Protection of the people is a right that we have, as...