THE SECOND WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE AND
THE UPSURGE OF NATIONALISM, 1812–1824
1. A Scary War with Britain (pp. 233–240)
a. What do the authors say at the outset is the “supreme lesson” of the War of 1812?
b. For two years, the Americans and British fought to a standstill in Canada. What event in Europe in 1814 allowed the British to concentrate all their forces in America?
c. After American naval successes on Lake Erie under Admiral Oliver H. __________ and then on Lake Champlain, a British force invaded the Chesapeake region and burned the new capital of _____________ to the ground in August 18___. They then were beaten off in the battle at Fort ____________ near Baltimore that inspired Francis Scott ______ to write the Star Spangled Banner. Finally, the victory of Gen. Andrew ___________, over the British at New ___________ in January 18___ gave a boost to national morale, even though, because of slow communications, it was actually fought after the Treaty of ____________ had been signed, officially ending the war. Why do the authors say on p.238 that the Americans, who had wanted to conquer Canada at the outset, were relieved and even happy to settle for a virtual draw?
d. What were the New England demands, as expressed in the 1814 ___________ Convention? When taken together with the end of the war on unexpectedly favorable terms, how did they contribute to the final demise of the Federalist Party?
(1) The New England demands:
(2) End of Federalist Party:
2. Nationalism and the “American System” (pp. 240–242) a. Increased security and self-confidence after the war produced a heightened sense of “nationalism” people associating themselves with the nation first and their respective states second. A national literature developed in the works of Washington ___________ and James Fenimore ___________ and in the construction of a new capitol...