Culture of the Early Filipinos

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  • Topic: House, Tribal chief, Law
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  • Published : September 8, 2012
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A. Filipinos had a civilization of their own
Various aspects pf civilization came from:
• The Malays
• A response to the new environment

B. Social Organization
• The 2 types of Alipin:
1. Aliping Namamahay (higher rank)
- More freedom, cannot be sold
2. Aliping Saguiguilid
- No rights at all

C. Women in the Society (also equal to men)
• Could own and inherit property
• Engage in trade and industry
• Succeed to chieftainship
• Exclusive right to name their children

D. Lifestyle / Culture
• Built to suit the tropical climate
• Ancient houses were built with bamboo
• Some were built in treetops (in times of war)
• Caves
• Some built on their boats
Types of Houses:
• Cottages – Timawa (Built near agriculture lands)
• Town house – Datu / Maharlika (Also a workplace)

E. Religion
• Filipinos believed in the immortality of the soul and life after death • “Bathala”
• Lesser gods (Like the forces of nature)
• Anito
• Katalonan / Babaylan (priestess): Holds spiritual ceremonies

F. Burial and Mourning Customs
• Manunggal Jar (Boat with 2 people means that someone will accompany the dead or that someone is taking the dead to a new place)

G. Mode of Dressing
• Salakot / Putong (Head dress)
• Kangan (Shirt)
• Bahag (Strip of cloth wrapped around the waist)
• Baro (Blouse)
• Saya (Skirt)
• Tapis

H. Art
• Sculptures (Anito)
• Tattoo (painting): The more tattoos, the more enemies killed • Weapons (Carvings)
• Architecture: Nipa hut
• Artistry: Boats

I. Food
• Use hands
• Use leaves as plates
• Coconut shells for cups

J. Music
• Gandingan
• Kudyapi
• Kaleleng
• Kulinta

K. Songs
• Oyayi (Lullabies)
• Kundiman (Love songs)
• Folk

L. Dances...
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