Culture of the Early Filipinos

Continues for 3 more pages »
Read full document

Culture of the Early Filipinos

By | September 2012
Page 1 of 4
CULTURE OF THE EARLY FILIPINOS

A. Filipinos had a civilization of their own
Various aspects pf civilization came from:
• The Malays
• A response to the new environment

B. Social Organization
[pic]
• The 2 types of Alipin:
1. Aliping Namamahay (higher rank)
- More freedom, cannot be sold
2. Aliping Saguiguilid
- No rights at all

C. Women in the Society (also equal to men)
• Could own and inherit property
• Engage in trade and industry
• Succeed to chieftainship
• Exclusive right to name their children

D. Lifestyle / Culture
Houses:
• Built to suit the tropical climate
• Ancient houses were built with bamboo
• Some were built in treetops (in times of war)
• Caves
• Some built on their boats
Types of Houses:
• Cottages – Timawa (Built near agriculture lands)
• Town house – Datu / Maharlika (Also a workplace)

E. Religion
• Filipinos believed in the immortality of the soul and life after death • “Bathala”
• Lesser gods (Like the forces of nature)
• Anito
• Katalonan / Babaylan (priestess): Holds spiritual ceremonies

F. Burial and Mourning Customs
• Manunggal Jar (Boat with 2 people means that someone will accompany the dead or that someone is taking the dead to a new place)

G. Mode of Dressing
Males:
• Salakot / Putong (Head dress)
• Kangan (Shirt)
• Bahag (Strip of cloth wrapped around the waist)
Females:
• Baro (Blouse)
• Saya (Skirt)
• Tapis

H. Art
• Sculptures (Anito)
• Tattoo (painting): The more tattoos, the more enemies killed • Weapons (Carvings)
• Architecture: Nipa hut
• Artistry: Boats

I. Food
• Use hands
• Use leaves as plates
• Coconut shells for cups

J. Music
• Gandingan
• Kudyapi
• Kaleleng
• Kulinta

K. Songs
• Oyayi (Lullabies)
• Kundiman (Love songs)
• Folk

L. Dances...
Hide

Rate this document

What do you think about the quality of this document?

Share this document

Let your classmates know about this document and more at Studymode.com