Culture of Renaissance vs. Culture of Late Middle Ages

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Following the period of time known as the Late Middle Ages, the Italian Renaissance is significantly marked by several cultural and artistic achievements. With artists such as Jan van Eyck, known for his remarkable attention to human personality, and Michelangelo, painter of the Sistine Chapel, the quality of art during the Italian Renaissance greatly surpasses the generic faces and gothic-like qualities of the Late Middle Ages. As far as technology is concerned, the invention of the printing press during the Renaissance is far more advanced than the writing of scribes in the Late Middle Ages. When it comes to the achievements of the Renaissance, there is no doubt that it was truly a unique era in European history.

As time progressed through the 1300's, and then the 1400's, the artistic ability of the Renaissance became stronger and stronger. Artists became more aware of their work, and created new ways to construct their masterpieces. Just one of these improvements was the increased use of colored oil paints. By using colorful oil paints instead of the dull, traditional black and white paintings of the Middle Ages, canvases were now bursting with color, and had more of a textural look to them. Forming color paintings made the gothic-looking paintings of the Middle Ages old news. Using color also creates a new, deeper sense of dimension, and an all-around better painting.

Pursuing this further, the earlier works of the Middle Ages were usually one-dimensional. By adding color to the palette, it became much easier to create objects and humans that seemed to almost pop out of the picture! This sense of dimension, called a perspective, was used more and more frequently in the Renaissance. As long as a professional had mastered the art of using perspectives, creating scenes using real figures and people became a much easier task. An entire setting using people and objects, such as The Last Supper, created by Leonardo da Vinci, was no problem.

Assuredly, the art...
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