Culture Matters, How Values Shape Human Progress

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How Values Shape Human Progress

LAWRENCE E. HARRISON SAMUEL P. H U N T I N G T O N
Editors

A Member of the Perseus Books Group

Copyright 0 2000 by Lawrence E. Harrison and Samuel P. Huntington Published by Basic Books, A Member of the Perseus BooksGroup All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this book may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. ,For information, address Basic Books, 10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY10022-5299. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Culture matters : how values shape human progress / Lawrence E. Harrison and Samuel P. Huntington, editors. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-465-03175-7 (cloth) ISBN 0-465-03176-5 (paper) 1. Socialvalues.2.Culture.I.Harrison,Lawrence E. 11. Huntington, Samuel P. HM68 1.C85 2000 306-dc2 1 00-022951 Designed by Jeff Williams

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In memory of Edward Banfield, who illuminated the path so m a n y of us for

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CONTENTS

Table and Illustrations Acknowledgments Foreword, SAMUEL P. HUNTINGTON -Cultures Count xiii Introduction, LAWRENCE E. HARRISON- Why CultureMatters I
I

ix

xvii

Cultureand Economic Development

2

3
4

5
6

LANDES-CUltUre Makes Almost All the Difference, 2 PORTER-Attitudes, Values, Beliefs, and the Microeconomics of Prosperity, 14 JEFFREY SACHS-Notes on a New sociology of Economic Development, 29 MARIANO GRONDONA-A CulturalTypology of Economic Development, 44 CARLOS ALBERT0 MONTANER-culture and the Behavior of Elites in Latin America, 5 6 DANIEL ETOUNGA-MANGUELLE-DOeS Africa Need a Cultural Adjustment Program?, 65 DAVID MICHAEL E.

11

CultureandPoliticalDevelopment

7 RONALD INGLEHART-culture and Democracy, 80 8 FRANCIS FUKUYAMA”SOCia1 Capital, 9 8 9 SEYMOUR MARTIN LIPSET and GABRIEL SALMAN LENZ-

Corruption, Culture, and Markets, 1 1 2
111

The Anthropological Debate
and practices-

ro

ROBERT B.

EDGERTON-TraditionalBeliefs Are Some Better than Others?, 1 2 6

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Contents

r r THOMAS S.WEISNER-culture, Sub-Saharan Africa, 141
12

Childhood, and Progress in

RICHARD A.

SHWEDER-Moral Maps, “First World” Conceits, and the NewEvangelists, 158

IV

Culture and Gender

13 BARBARA CROSSETTE-culture, Gender, and Human Rights, 178 14 MALA HTUN-culture, Institutions, and Gender Inequality in Latin America, 189

v

Culture andAmerican Minorities
202

15 ORLANDO PATTERSON-Taking

Culture Seriously: A Framework and an Afro-American Illustration, r 6 NATHAN GLAZER-Disaggregating Culture, 219 VI

The Asian Crisis

17 DWIGHT H. PERKINS-Law,

Family Ties, and the East Asian Way of Business, 2 3 2 18 LUCIAN w.PYE-“Asian Values”: From Dynamos to Dominoes? 244 19 TU WEI-MING-Multiple Modernities: A Preliminary Inquiry into the Implications of East Asian Modernity, 256 VII

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Promoting Change

2I

22

FAIRBANKS-changing the Mind of a Nation: Elements in a Process for Creating Prosperity, 268 STACE LINDSAY-culture, Mental Models, and National Prosperity, 282 LAWRENCE E. HARRISON-promoting Progressive Cultural Change, 296 MICHAEL

Notes Biographical Sketches of Contributors Index

3 09 3 29 333

TABLE AND ILLUSTRATIONS

Table
9.1

Corruptionperceptionsindex 1998

113

Illustrations
Locations of sixty-five societieson two dimensions of cross-cultural variation 7.2 Economic level of sixty-five societies superimposedon two dimensions of cross-cultural variation 7.3 Interpersonal trust by cultural tradition and level of economic development and religious tradition 7.4 Self-expression valuesand democratic institutions 7.1 8.1 A continuum of norms 8.2 The universe of norms I 85

88
90 93 103

8.3 The universe of norms I1 15.1 Interactions among cultural...
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