Culture and Identity

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Sociology culture and identity

1.The socialisation process and the role of the agencies of socialisation 2 Different conceptions of culture, including subculture, mass culture, high and low culture, popular culture, global culture

3 Sources and different conceptions of the self, identity and difference 4 The relationship of identity to age, disability, ethnicity, gender, nationality, sexuality and social class in contemporary society

5 Leisure, consumption and identity.

1 The socialisation process and the role of the agencies of socialisation * This area of study makes a good introduction to the study of sociology. Basic concepts and theoretical perspectives can be introduced in ways that students find accessible.

* Primary socialisation and secondary socialisation; feral children (unsocialised). These examples can also be used to introduce the nature/nurture debate. • Socialisation as a process throughout life, including resocialisation (for example, to a different culture, or to life in an institution).

* Concepts linked to socialisation: norms, mores, values, roles, achieved and ascribed status, culture, rules/laws and deviance, sanctions. * The role of agencies of socialisation: the family, other pre-school carers, school, peer groups, the mass media, religious institutions, places of work and other institutions.

* Introducing perspectives: socialisation seen as a benevolent process by, for example, functionalists, in a society where norms and values are held in common (consensus); same process interpreted as social control by, for example, Marxists, in a divided society with socialisation used to limit conflict and dissent, with agencies seen as agencies of social control.

* Interactionist perspective: socialisation as a two-way process, individuals not simply passive consumers of norms and values.

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