Culture and Disease Paper
University of Phoenix
V. Lynn Waters
April 1, 2010
According to the Clinical Microbiology Reviews, Trichomoniasis is a parasitic protozoan that is transmitted principally through having vaginal intercourse. Trichomonisasis is seen mostly in women but men can also contract it usually without having any symptoms of being infected. (Shafir, S. C., and F. J. Sorvillo, 2006). I will be discussing the factors, modes for disease transmission, methods used to control, and the treatment of trichomoniasis.
A protozoa is the smallest single-celled members of the animal kingdom Carson-DeWitt, R. M. & Frey, R. P. (2006). It infects millions of people world wide and researchers have found that it can cause inflammation of the prostate by infection on men. When women come in contact with trichomoniasis, their symptoms consist of a foul smell, and a heavily frothy yellow discharge that comes from the vagina. The genital area also comes along with itching and pain when urinating or having sexual intercourse Carson-DeWitt, R. M. & Frey, R. P. (2006). Because men don’t usually have symptoms, they won’t realize they are infected, leaving the infection to settle in.
In some states the test for trichomiasis vaginalis can be ordered from the internet free of charge to young girls and also to women of childbearing age and also to assist with finding out if they are infected and also referrals to free clinics for follow up treatment if tested positive. The Medical Laboratory Observer states that “Trichomoniasis has also been linked to pelvic inflammatory disease, an increased risk of getting and transmitting HIV infection, and cancer of the cervix. Most patients are asymptomatic; and since there are currently no guidelines for screening for the infection, Trichomoniasis vaginalis often goes undiagnosed.”
A female patient after having her annual pap smear was not informed of her showing positive for trichomoniasis vaginalis. So therefore, she later had intercourse with her boyfriend who broke up with her because he claims she infected her. She finally got treatment by another doctor and also sought for legal help against her former doctor. This article proves that getting tested is beneficial to young ladies who are having sex.
Most men with trichomoniasis do not have signs or symptoms; however, some men may temporarily have an irritation inside the penis, mild discharge, or slight burning after urination or ejaculation. Some women have signs or symptoms of infection which include a frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor. The infection also may cause discomfort during intercourse and urination, as well as irritation and itching of the female genital area. In rare cases, lower abdominal pain can occur. Symptoms usually appear in women within 5 to 28 days of exposure. Prevalence is highest among women with multiple sexual partners and in women with other STI’s. Transmission rates seem to be high from men to women: a rate of 70% was seen among men having sexual contact with infected women in the previous 48 hours. This compares with the prevalence of 80% to 100% in female partners of infected men. Because TV is not a reportable disease, this represents a major public health issue. (Trichomonas, 2009) The factors for women that are vulnerable to contract Trichomonas are; sexual intercourse history, age of first sexual encounter, total of lifetime partners, the use of a douche and also the use of feminine powder. The Trichomoniasis vaginalis parasite is spread sexually by penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva (the genital area outside the vagina) contact with an infected partner. Women can get the disease from infected men or women, but men usually only get it from infected women. A common misbelief is that infection can be spread by toilet seats, wet towels or hot tubs....
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