Culture

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 46
  • Published : April 23, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
CULTURE: The system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts that the members of society use to cope with their world and with one another, and that are transmitted from generation to generation through learning Culture is the sum of total of the learned behavior of a group of people that are generally considered to be the tradition of that people and are transmitted from generation to generation. LAYERS OF CULTURE

People even within the same culture carry several layers of mental programming within themselves. Different layers of culture exist at the following levels: The national level: Associated with the nation as a whole.

The regional level: Associated with ethnic, linguistic, or religious differences that exist within a nation. The gender level: Associated with gender differences (female vs. male) The generation level: Associated with the differences between grandparents and parents, parents and children. The social class level: Associated with educational opportunities and differences in occupation. The corporate level: Associated with the particular culture of an organization. Applicable to those who are employed. DIFFERENT CULTURES OF THE WORLD

African Culture

The continent of Africa is a vast one and it contains as many as 53 countries. Although essentially similar these countries in Africa have some subtle differences in their culture. African Tribes: There are a number of African tribes in the African continent. African Religions: There are two major religions in Africa and hence most of the Africans adhere to either Christianity or Islam. Many adherents of both Islam and Christianity also follow African traditional religions. African Arts: African art has certain themes that are repeated throughout all the art forms, be it painting, pottery or any other handicrafts. Some of the subjects that are commonly portrayed are couples, the depiction of woman and a child, a male with a wild animal or the portrayal of an outsider. According to African culture, the depiction of the couples represents ancestors or even community founders. Often there is also depiction of twins. However the representation of the couple is rarely the kind to show sexual intimacy or loves, more often it depicts strength and honor. The portrayal of the woman and her child represents mother earth and the child represents the people living on the earth. The portrayal of the male with the weapon or with a horse is usually representing the power or status conferred upon that man. Finally the portrayal of the stranger represents a foreigner or an outsider. In ancient African culture, the stranger was not welcome and there always existed a gap between the stranger and the African people in the pictures. In the African culture, the songs are used as a mode of communication. Melodies in African music are organized within a scale of four, five, six or seven tones. Common musical instruments used in African music are drums, slit gongs, double-bells, rattles, harps, musical hows, xylophone, flutes and trumpets. Drums are particularly popular which explains the use of several different types of drums like - tama talking drums, bougarabou, djembe, water drums and the ngoma drums.

African Languages: There are close to 2000 languages spoken throughout Africa. All these languages can be broadly categorized into four major categories, which are Afro-Asiatic languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niger-Congo languages and the Khoisan languages. Some of the Nilo-Saharan languages are Kanuri, Songhay, Nubian, and the Nilotic family languages, which include Luo, Dinka, and Maasai. The Niger-Congo languages include the Bantu and Niger-Kordofanian language families. The Khoisan language family includes around thirty languages categorized into five Khoisan families. In addition to the aforementioned languages, there are also certain non-African languages as well as a large number of sign languages.

African Clothing: Vibrant colors have...
tracking img