In choosing two different cultures I have decided to focus on
minorities in the U.S. Health care is difficult for many of these to receive,
both because of lack of jobs and insurance and their cultural beliefs. Some
even fear communication due to the need for translators and bilingual health
One way to address health disparities (Eliminating Health Disparities,
2009) in minorities is to give them sufficient access to health care. This can
be done by increasing the number of minorities in health care professions,
and increase the competency of those already in health care. This paper will
display two cultural views of these minority groups; Hispanic Americans
and African Americans.
As with many minority groups, Hispanic’s suffer from health
disparities. Hispanic American’s cultural views on health are impacted.
Family is very important in the Hispanic American culture, they live often
several families per house hold or live close together. They also respect
their elders and the men in the family. Family is very important, they also
believe if they have peace and harmony they have their health. They believe
illness comes from bad emotions or a punishment from God. They believe
harmony is important to fight off disease and that their health is in Gods
hands. They do not believe in preventative practices (Office of Minority
Health, 2009). Hispanics wait until they are very ill before going to the
doctor, and don’t like being pressured about it yet they are grateful for the
treatment they receive (Siatkowski, 2007).
Implications for health care providers
Health care workers need to develop cultural competency and receive
more education on different cultural beliefs to be able to give complete care.
(Randall & Muneta, 2000). Learning about different cultures, healthcare
workers need to remind them selves that they are working with individuals
and need to be careful not to stereotype because the beliefs of each patient
vary. Health care workers should be aware of their own beliefs so that it
helps them interact with their patients (Cultural humility, 2009).
Negative health disparities affect African Americans. Many
sociocultural factors may play a protective role in health Outcome. In
most black communities, fast-food restaurants are more abundant along with
venders of alcohol than in White communities, and the consumption of the
same is higher among blacks as well (Williams, 1998). The frequent
absence of major grocery chains, farm markets, and whole-food markets in
these same communities means that there are fewer affordable sources of
fresh fruits and vegetables. This will affect the community in trying to
maintain a healthy diet. (Morland, Wing, & Roux, 2002). Increasing the
percentage of food markets vs fast-food restaurants and liquor stores in black
communities is a sensible structural change that might improve health
Religious involvement is important to the African American
Community and have a positive association with health outcome (Journal of
Black psychology, vol. 35 no.2, May 2009 271-288) African Americans
Also believe illness comes from a higher power as a punishment and to have
Harmony is to have their health. In some communities is common for them
to live in large groups, several family generations in one house and
sometimes lack the head of household male. They are dedicated to family
ties and respect their elders and religion. In the United States, black
females have prove to be more religious than the males (Levin, Taylor, &
Chatters, 1994). The church has been a cultural corner stone.
African Americans suffer a disproportionate burden from major
chronic diseases, such as; Asthma (Zoratti et al, 1998), heart disease and...