Cultural Shock and Adaptation
Cultural shock is when a person faces many stressors through experiencing new culture, and it may lead to psychological crises or social dysfunction. Cultural shock mostly occurs on immigrants (e.g. students, business people, social change, etc). The reaction of cultural shock depends on various factors, the experience of other culture adaptation, the difference between the home culture and the new culture, and the psychological characteristics of the person. There is many ways of helping people with cultural shock. First, programs of preparation in which we develop their recognition of culture shock occurrence and implement behaviors to overcome cultural shock. Second, orientation is where we give them awareness of how to react with cultural shock reaction by helping them to normalize their experience and respond in less stressful manner. Third, gaining appropriate social skills is learning the social principles combining cognitive behavioral approaches. These three ways could help students to adapt in a better way. In fact, helping students adapting in a new culture, is one of the fundamental things to their success. Other aspects of cultural shock are the consequences of strain, anxiety, feelings of loss, confusion resulting from loss of accustomed cultural cues, social rules and the challenge of new cultural surroundings, and the loss of a familiar culture environment. As well as cultural shock, stress responses may cause psychological reactions which include physiological, emotional, interpersonal, cognitive, and social components. There are four stages of cultural shock which is best described as: 1. The honeymoon or tourist phase: It’s the best part where the person experiences their interests, excitement, euphoria, sleeplessness, positive expectations and idealization about the new culture and they find the differences are exciting and interesting. This phase is totally the opposite of what we think about cultural...
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