During Cultural Revolution (1966 to 1976) in Shanghai, people lived under a Political repression, special people who worked for the foreign companies. Chinese Cultural Revolution was participation of working people and young students who stood up against bureaucracy in communist party. In 1966 Mao Tzetung began a movement to affirm his ideology by destroying the political opposition. Nien Cheng who worked for Shell International Petroleum Company for 9 years, from 1957 to 1966, explained her painful life during Cultural Revolution in her book “Life and Death in Shanghai”. Nien Chang was marked as a spy for having studied and worked in England. Many other people like Chang decided to involve themselves in the Cultural Revolution. Henry and Winnie, friends and neighbors of Nien Chang, also were under the pressure. They studied abroad and lived in premises assigned to them. Chang describes Henry and Winnie were treated during the Cultural Revolution, “These two welleducated, lively and imaginative young people, full of good will towards the Communist regime, were reduced by Mao Tzetung’s suspicion and abuse of the intellectuals to teaching machines” (Life and Death in Shanghai (pp. 2425). Kindle Edition). Nien Chang mentions that so many other people were bothered by the red guards. Mao Tzetung made very young students become Red Guards in order to support his movement. I think the requirement for student to serve as a Red Guard allowed Mao Tzetung advantage to brainwash the student’s minds. The Red Guards believes that the purpose of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is to destroy the old Culture of China.
The Red Guards broke Nien Chang’s stuff (cups, mirror,..) and when Nian told them “no one in this world can make another winecup like this one again. This is a part of our cultural heritage.” A Red Guard responded to her by saying “These things belong to the old culture (Life and Death in Shanghai (p. 74).Kindle Edition)....
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