Cultural Revolution

Topics: People's Republic of China, Cultural Revolution, Mao Zedong Pages: 3 (920 words) Published: December 8, 2012
After the liberation ,china was not real liberation . Because of the wrong decision.China's economy, education, and many industries are backwards ten years. Many precious cultural heritage also destroyed during that time. This essay will discuss the affect of First :Great Leap Forward .Second : People's commune ,and third : Cultural Revolution in china . Great Leap Forward (Chinese: 大跃进 Figure 1) .It was reflected in planning decisions from 1958 to 1961, which aimed to use China's vast population to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a modern communist society through the process of rapid industrialization and collectivization. Different scholars estimated eighteen million to at least 45 million people in China during the Great Leap Forward of unnatural death. Dutch historian FRANK DIKOTTER said :"Coercion, terror, and violence is the fundamental of the Great Leap Forward", "It’s one of the most deadly mass killings in the human history". In the Great Leap Forward. Mao encourage people to go to steelmaking, Mao saw grain and Steel production as the key pillars of economic development He forecast that within 15 years of the start of the Great Leap, China's steel production would surpass that of the UK. With no personal knowledge of metallurgy, Mao encouraged the establishment of small backyard steel furnaces in every commune and in each urban neighborhood . This radical approach was not successful, and has brought many problems. For example, the quality of the production of steel was failed, wasted resources, and the environment pollution . People take iron items for steelmaking (Figure 2). Nobody went farmed, food were lacked ,and a lot of people are starving to death. The next section will discuss People's commune (Chinese: 人民公社Figure 3) . In the commune, everything was shared. Private kitchens became redundant, and everything in the private kitchen, such as tables, chairs, cooking utensils and pans...
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