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Cultural practises of mango in Spain

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Cultural practises of mango in Spain

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  • September 2013
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Cultural practices
Propagation
The mango is propagated by grafting and budding on polyembryonic rootstocks.

Planting
Planting time
Canary Islands: preferably in the spring but it is possible during the entire year, although winter plantings should be avoided. Andalusia: preferably in the spring, from mid-April to mid-June. Plantings at the end of summer should be avoided because vegetative development needs to be minimized before the winter rest.

Planting distance
Canary Islands: the most popular planting schemes are as follows. Keitt, Lippens, Kent = 3  4 m
Osteen, Tommy Atkins, Gomera 1 = 5  4 m or 6  3m
Andalusia: the most popular planting schemes are as follows. Most vigorous cultivars such as Osteen and Tommy Atkins = 3  4 m Cultivars of medium vigor such as Kent = 2.5  3 m
Cultivars of low vigor such as Keitt = 2.5  2.5 m
Additional planting considerations
Plantings have a southerly orientation in Andalusia. Plantings at the bases of valleys or the bottoms of slopes are avoided to prevent possible frost damage. It is common for tree plantings to follow topological contour lines.
Fertilization
Annual fertigation
Juvenile phase
Tree age (years)Fertilizer (kg tree–1 and year)
Ammonium nitrateMonoammonium phosphateCalcium nitratePotassium chloride 10.110.150.19
2–30.220.300.38
4–50.440.600.750.50

Adult stage
Nutrientkg ha–1 year–1Observations
N150–200 (Canary Islands)
25–30 (Andalusia) Stop or reduce application four months before harvest. Due to the short mango-growing period in Andalusia, fertilization is performed from early May until the end of August P2O5 20–30 (Canary Islands)

0 (Andalusia)Stop or reduce application four months before harvest. K2O100–120 (Canary Islands)
50–100 (Andalusia)Stop or reduce application four months before harvest.

In the adult stage, it is better to apply fertilizer based on the results of foliar and soil analyses. Appropriate indicator levels...