Cultural Anthropology

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Anthropology 1A03 Exam Review

Week 7 Monday October 18-Thursday October 21
“Expressive Culture” (Miller Text Chapter 11)

Expressive Culture October 18:

Expressive Culture is: Behaviour and beliefs related to art, leisure, and play. - linked to other cultural domains such as:
Exchange: pot latching art and dance, Bodily modification. Decorations, tattoos Religion: clothing, practices, etc.

What is Art? Art is application of imagination, skill and style to matters movement, and sound that goes beyond the purely practical. * High art= in a museum
* Low art= graffiti
Who decides: What is Art? Emic/etic confusions regarding art * Emic: insider (member) view or members of culture
* Etic: outsider (observer) view or anthropologist based on observation Modern Art? North America, Western Europe, Folk Art= woven bowl - as anthropologists what sort of meanings does this art have? Ethno-aesthetics- refers to local cultural definitions of what is art and what is good art. - (ex. Wood carving standards in West Africa, Graffiti Banksy)

The Anthropological Study of Art: Influence of Franz Boas in first half of the 20th century - We need to look at artist in cultural context that we find the art in. - The process of creating and using the art, social functions of art, thoughts, emotion

John Chernoff: study of drumming in Ghana, learned to become a drummer, He had to learn about the culture and how drumming fits into it.

ART: has a role of socializing children into the culture (teaches you things you should value as a child, relationships, communication of personal and group identity. Legitimize political leaders, political resistance and social change (such as graffiti) and art done during times of war.

Performance Arts: music, dance, theatre, rhetoric, narration, etc. Ethnomusicology: cross-cultural study of music links cultural anthropology and musicology. - Studies music both from technical aspects (sound) and cultural context (meaning).

Trinidad Carnival October 20

Trinidad Carnival:
‘Trini to the Bone’- by David Pudder- massive carnival hit * Discusses: racial unity, international migration, national pride * Pre- Lenten festival, months of parties and releases of songs, party from December- pre lent costumes. Similar to Carnival in Rio, or Mardi Gardens in New Orleans * Expressive Culture at high and low levels. J’Ouvert Celebrations- faces in mud! Trinidadian Carnival: reflects conscious representations of what it means to be Trinidadian - Costume, display, song, all reflect culture written language, social problems and ills. - Meanings of events change over time, Access to participation control over meanings is related to class/$

Architecture and Interior Design: May reflect class difference and social rank - Forager dwellings are the image of the family and not wider society - Pastoralists have designed political structures like the tepee and the yert - States show their power through the construction of monuments (skyscrapers). * Decorative gardens are a product of state-level societies e.g. Tulips in Ottawa * Pride in Canada, what it means to be Canadian! Stereotypical tour of Nations Capital There is cross cultural variation of importance of flowers in art, flowers are not a prominent motif in African art, perhaps related to the environment. (look at arts, what is of importance).

October 21, 2010
Fascist Architecture and Design:
- statues of Vladimir Lennon all over Europe, put up by him to remind them he is superior - think about what they’re trying to say, what is the goal?

Gardens and Flowers: We can think about anything
- decorative gardens are a product of state-level societies ex. tulips in Ottawa (creating a sense of pride, a sense of shared history, with the Dutch, feelings about what it means to be Canadian, though it is our tax money) - Japanese gardens may contain no flowers

- traditional Muslim gardens are enclosed by four...
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