Partition 1: British
Colonies moved westwards in order to settle more land, cutting trees down and clearing land for grazing animalsInitiated Anglo-Indian WarsSouthern colonies constantly engaging Indians on frontierPequot War (1634–1638) - armed conflict between the Pequot tribe and Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth coloniesMetacom’s War (King William’s War) (1675–1678)-armed conflict between Native American inhabitants of present-day New England and English colonistsMost colonists took advantage of Native Americans and established an unfair trade system Cultural:
Received cultural accommodation from Squanto and the WampanoagMarriage between Pocahontas and John RolfeSpread diseases like smallpox, mumps, influenza, yellow fever, and measles.Killed thousands of Native AmericansNative Americans were in the way of the Southern colonies’ push westwardsColonies raided Native American villages and sold many into slaveryMost tribes destroyed by 1720Partition 2: French Economic:
Engaged in trade with Native AmericansTraded knives, beads, and guns.Indirectly boosted Native Americans’ economyCultural: Samuel Champlain and the Quebec colony established a friendly relationship with Native AmericansAided them in fighting against the Iroquois.Attempted to convert Native Americans to CatholicismJesuits -members of the missionary group, the Society of Jesus Partition 3: Spanish
Spanish settlements in Northern America were primarily established for gold and silverForced Native Americans into slavery to work in gold and silver mines.Conquistador-Spanish soldierHernando Cortez conquered the AztecsBesieged their capital and stole their gold and other resources Cultural
Intermarriage between Spanish and Native AmericansFormed a new ethnicity, MestizosDestruction of religion in Aztec EmpireDestroyed the temples of Tenochtitlan for Christian cathedrals.Pueblo Revolt- uprising of the Pueblo people, Native American people in Southwestern U.S., against Spanish...
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