Cuban Revolution

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In the 1950’s, the American influence on Cuba heightened as the country thrived and Havana was called ‘the Latin Las Vegas’ with its large gambling scene. This reinvention of Cuba became very profitable for American businesses and was increasingly a center of organized crime. American-owned businesses possessed 90% of Cuban mines, 40 % of the Cuban sugar industry, 80% of Cuban public services, 50% of Cuban railways and all of the oil companies within Cuba. The American influences and dependency created tension with many Cuban people who believed the political price of the economic dependence was too high. Throughout the 1950’sthe Cuban economy appeared to flourish, though it largely depended on the United States buying sugar.

Under Batista’s government, gambling and American businesses grew and a large gap of wealth in the country was produced. Cuba had become a ‘playground for the United States with gambling, prostitution and large-scale corruption taking hold and the American mafia an increasing presence. The large and wide-spread poverty in the rural areas and small amount of welfare and social services were also contributing factors to the decreasing popularity of Batista. Although Cuba had one of the best standards of living within the Latin region, Cuba’s national wealth was not equally distributed, with extremes of poverty and wealth. Additionally the sugar industry could only offer Cubans with seasonal work for four months of the year which created an eight month unemployed part of the year.

The large Cuban middle class were frustrated with their lack of political power and influence which created tension between many Cuban workers and the government. As the Cuban government of the 1950’s became increasingly unpopular, support was sent from American citizens against Batista’s government, which encouraged a revolution to begin. Groups started to form over Cuba in a protest against the government. These groups were mainly composed of young students....
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