Cuban Revolution

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It doesn’t take the largest countries in the world to start a revolution. Just the will, of one man. On July 26th, 1953, an attack was led on the Moncada Barracks in Cuba. This attack was the start of a revolution. A transformation was beginning, and a shift of power was to come. Rebel forces had gained enough power to attempt removal Dictator Fulgencio Batista, and create Castro’s Cuba. This revolution wasn’t like other revolutions. It was bloody, careless, inhumane, and spectacular. The Cuban Revolution had a lasting effect on the society of Central America, which caused the establishment of a communistic environment that both helped and destroyed the legacy and welfare of Cuban life.

In the 19th century, Cuba was a Spanish colony. After the withdrawal of Spanish troops in the Spanish-American war, Cuba gained formal independence as of 1902 (Chapman 92). This created a semi-diverse population and inhabitants were beginning to form a stable government. Native Islanders were used as slaves or banished to other islands in the Caribbean (Matthews 88). Cuba became a growing country with strong economic growth and well established foreign trade.

The people of Cuba elected President Tomas Estrada Palma in 1902, and Cuba was declared independent with the exception of Guantanamo Bay (Chapman 69). After Palma’s successful four year term, a revolt ensued. Palma resigned and US Governor Charles Magoon took over temporary control of Cuba until the Cuban Communist Party was founded. For 30 years after Palma, Cuba was led by past War of Independence leaders, who would not serve more than two terms (Chapman 34).

The Revolution of 1933 brought along much political dispute, but by 1940, Cuba held a national election, won by Fulgencio Batista, a communist advocate that brought the extremely progressivist 1940 Constitution into work. Batista was a very government-driven leader, and was favored more by labor unions, than individuals of the middle class (Matthews 142)....
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