Cuban Missile Crisis: Research Essay

Topics: Cold War, Soviet Union, Cuba Pages: 3 (933 words) Published: July 16, 2012
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Cuban Missile Crisis: Research Essay
Why did Nikita Khrushchev deploy missiles in Cuba? Nikita Khrushchev installed missiles in Cuba as a nuclear deterrent to the U.S. The crisis began when a u-2 spy plane snapped pictures of Soviet S.A.M (surface to air missiles) sites under construction[Endnote]: this gave the U.S. a warning that Castro was worried and paranoid after the Bay of Pigs invasion. The major “kick” came when the planes had pictures of the Soviets building offensive nuclear weapon sites in a very covert fashion. One of the causes of the crisis were all missile deployment of U.S. intermediate range missiles in Italy and Turkey[Endnote]. Some other events that led to this were the failed Bay of Pigs invasion by the United States[Endnote]. One of the major causes of the crisis was the missile deployment done by the U.S. The first part of the deployment came with the Jupiter missiles in Turkey. That was made operational by June 1st 1961 “Turkey and the United States agree to deploy fifteen nuclear-tipped Jupiter missiles in Turkey starting on June 1, 1961. Turkey is member of NATO and shares a border with the Soviet Union.” [Endnote].Then still not happy the U.S deployed even more missiles in Italy within 200 miles of Moscow. Over 60 missiles were deployed in Italy in various locations across the country[Endnote]. This with the missiles in turkey contributed to the rising tensions between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. One of the less obvious but still significant was the sudden jump in nuclear arms production by both the U.S and U.S.S.R. Both sides were working hard to produce nuclear weapons and just before the crisis in 1961 the United States had over 22000 nuclear-armed missiles at their disposal, while the soviets only had 7000-10000 warheads according recently declassified CIA documents. [Endnote] Another major cause of the crisis was the fear of a second U.S invasion of Cuba, as they tried and...
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