Cuban Missile Crisis

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The Cuban Missile Crisis:

To what extent were the United States anti-communist ideologies the cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis, in contrast to their growth in nuclear technology?

Table of Contents:

Abstract:…………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………3-4

Introduction:……………………………………………..………………….…………….………………………………4-5

The United States Nuclear Program and the USSR’s Reactions:…….…………………………….5-7

The United States Political Relationship with Cuba before the Missile Crisis:………………7-8

The United States Economic Relationship with Cuba Prior to the Cuban Missile Crisis:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………9-10

The Rise of Fidel Castro and Cuban Communism:………………………………………….…..…...10-12

The United States Attempts to Eliminate Communist Forces in Cuba:……………….……12-13

Conclusion:………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………13-15

Abstract:

The Cold War was a major event in which the United States and Soviet Union displayed their growth in technology and militaristic strategies. The climax to this situation without a doubt was the Cuban Missile Crisis. There are many points of view on what the start of this possible nuclear disaster could have been. The question that appears to be most relevant is to what extent the United States anti-communist ideologies the cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis, in contrast to their growth in nuclear technology.

With the Cold War in full stride, it is easy for one to believe that the USSR was pursuing Cuba in order to equalize themselves in case of a nuclear outbreak. The excuse from Russia is that the United States had recently placed nuclear weapons in Turkey. Though, it was already known to them that nuclear weapons were already placed in Japan. This excuse for the Cuban Missile Crisis then becomes irrelevant. What becomes apparent is that the United States and Cuba have had a long history of political and economic upsets that have always left Cuba in a state of distress. With the attempts to kill Castro prior to the Cuban Missile Crisis one could say that he was increasingly concerned with his own life due to the United States anti-communist forces and the CIA’s attempts to eliminate him.

Though the United States and the Soviet Union were in a large arms race between nuclear weaponry and strategic locations, it is apparent that it was the anti-communist views that the United States maintained for Cuba prior to the Missile Crisis.

Introduction:

The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world has ever come to a nuclear war in the history of the world. “October 16, 1962, John F. Kennedy called together a group of his closest advisers at the White House. Late the night before, the CIA had produced detailed photo intelligence identifying Soviet nuclear missile installations under construction on the island of Cuba” (Chang and Kornbluh 3). The Cuban missile crisis has been, “Memorialized in both film and print, ‘and’ has come to be the ultimate symbol of presidential resolve and courage” (Schweizer 1). The causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis are still examined by historians to the current day, and it should be, due to the fact it was the closest the world has ever been to a nuclear crisis.

The Soviet Union was becoming increasingly worried with the United States growth in nuclear weapons prior to the Cuban Missile Crisis, “In July of 1954, with their military occupying the entire nation, the United States begins to secretly stockpile atomic bombs on the Japanese island of Okinawa. The weapons are not planned for use against Japanese cities, but instead the Soviet Union” (Franklin 5). The USSR was becoming increasingly wary of the improvement, advancement of nuclear technology, and the placement of these weapons by the United States. Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet Premier, decided it was time to advance their weaponry to a more strategic location.

Though the United States aggressive stance in...
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