Explain the factors that need to be taken into account when assessing development. When assessing a child you must be careful to take into account confidentiality before carrying out an observation you must have parents and the settings permission and not to leave confidential material lying around they must be secured in a locked cabinet. Only talk to authorized personal about confidential material. This confidentially can only be broken when a child is at real risk.
When carrying out observations you must take account of the child’s wishes and feelings if a child is upset or wants you to stop then you must stop.
Ethnic, cultural and linguistic backgrounds when we asses a child we must take account of their ethnic, cultural and linguistic back ground as these can play important roles in how the children acts and the understanding of the words being used.
Disability or specific requirements need to be taken in account when carrying out any assessment /observation or a child can be underestimated and the observation will be unreliable.
Reliability of information no one can get an accurate picture of development if the information is not accurate this can harm the child’s development and the underestimating of their potential. With observation we must understand the limitations of each type of observation method.
Avoiding bias when observing children we must remain completely objective also having 2 people observing the child at the same time can produce a more accurate account.
Explain the selection of the assessment methods used.
There are various methods used to assess a child’s development.
* Free description- this is to record the behaviour of a child over a very short period of time. The observer notes down what he or she is seeing. This is a good method for looking at several areas of development. Advantage: observer can be unobtrusive and record children without them being aware. It’s a flexible method allowing the observer to carry out frequent observation. Dis advantage: observer can show bias and find it hard to record every thing a child says or do * Checklists and tick charts-Here specific activities are looked for either during a structured assessment or by observing children over a period of time. Advantage: observer is focused on developmental skills to be observed and so less biased. Disadvantage: observer may not record child’s attitude or how they socialise. The observer might alter the child’s performance once they know they are being observed. * Time sample- this method is used to look at children’s activity over a predetermined length of time. Advantage: the observer can see what a child is doing over a period of time and pick up on many different areas of development, attitudes, friendship and confidence. Disadvantage: interesting behaviours might fall of the sample time and open method of recording may allow for observer bias. * Event sample- this looks at the frequency at which an aspect of development or behaviour is performed. It is recorded in a prepared sheet. For example how often the child talks with adults or other children. Advantages: the observer focuses on one thing. Disadvantage: it does not explain why the child shows the type of behaviour. * Target child- this is used to record one child’s activity over a long period without any gap in the recording process. It gives information about several areas of development. Advantage: observer gains overall picture of what the child is doing. Disadvantage: The observer may not choose the period of time the child is showing their usual behaviour. * Standardised tests-used on older children to consider their skills in literacy, maths and over all cognitive development. Advantage: The observer bias is less. Disadvantage: children know they are being tested hence they do not show usual behaviour. They would have rehearsed and may show...