Juvenile Crime Paper
CSJ / 200
Undoubtedly, juvenile delinquency is very representative since the last century. Juvenile delinquency is one of the criminological problems that is growing every day, not only in our country but also worldwide, is one of the socially negative actions that will otherwise fixed by law and morality created and accepted by society. Juvenile crime has increased dramatically in recent times, becoming an issue of growing social most concern, both for its quantitative increase, for their progressive qualitative hazard. Juvenile crime is also a feature of societies that have reached a certain level of prosperity. The phenomenon of violence is very complex. There are many causes, and are closely related to each other and lead to juvenile delinquency. It is generally grouped into biological, psychological, social and family. Illegal activities that develop young people, whose conduct goes through accepted social causes, and follow the same patterns of integration than most, does not arise repeatedly, but it is part of a gradual process of socialization deviant gradually getting worse. This process is manifested most sharply in adolescence, when youth is better able to perform actions on their own.
When a juvenile is accused of committing a criminal offense or an offense is a condition, the officer responsible for receiving the youth in the juvenile court decides how to proceed through the stages of the criminal justice system. He evaluates many factors, for example, the degree of likelihood that the youth has committed the act. The seriousness of the offense or the level of violence of the act. For example, Is the first time that is absent from school? The possibility that the youth had any previous contact with the juvenile justice system to justify a severe measure, such as probation or apply for supervision in a juvenile court. The need for the child to be temporarily detained in a juvenile justice center. The potential benefits to appear before a special court. The application of extrajudicial measures or the use of alternative programs such as the appropriate response to the case. For example, if a youth was seen destroying a person's property, the court should require the child to compensate the victim for damages and also attend therapy sessions. Once the petition is requested, the judge or judicial referee must decide whether the youth will be tried before a juvenile court or be subject to a transfer hearing or waiver of jurisdiction to determine whether the case should be treated in the criminal justice system as adults. When the juvenile court authorities decide to transfer a juvenile to adult court, usually they discuss the following criteria established by the Supreme Court of the United States. Just Cause Law Collective (2007) stated, “Sometimes minors are tried in adult court, typically in cases involving very serious crimes such as rape or murder. This usually happens to somewhat older minors, aged thirteen to seventeen”. If the complainant is not a parent when the child is taken to interrogation, it is necessary to contact a parent who has custody of the child or guardian. During the first 24 hours in custody, the minor must appear before a probation officer, judge or judicial referee. This is called initial appearance or preliminary. Even if a police officer or a school official witnessed the illegal act, there is the possibility that the child is released, he has to returns to the adjudicatory hearing in juvenile court. If the court decides that the child must be judged, it must conduct a detention hearing. In some states, this hearing must be held before the second business day after the arrest of the child. Among the differences we found between the juvenile justice system and the adult is that if the minor is found guilty is protected by law and rehabilitated in the case of the adult can...