September 13, 2009
Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrhea disease caused by microscopic parasites of the genus Cryptosporidium. Both the disease and the parasite are commonly known as "Crypto." Many species of Cryptosporidium exist that infect humans and a wide range of animals. The parasite is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods of time and makes it very resistant to chlorine disinfection. While this parasite can be transmitted in several different ways, water is a common method of transmission and Cryptosporidium is one of the most frequent causes of waterborne disease (drinking water and recreational water) among humans in the United States. Treatment
Most people who have healthy immune systems will recover without treatment Diagnosis of cryptosporidiosis is made by examination of stool samples. Because detection of Cryptosporidium can be difficult, patients may be asked to submit several stool samples over several days.
To avoid becoming infected Practice good hygiene (hand washing) Avoid water that might be contaminated. If you are unable to avoid using or drinking water that might be contaminated, then you can make the water safe to drink by boiling it or filtering it. Avoid food that might be contaminated. Take extra care when traveling. Avoid fecal exposure during sexual activity. Babesiosis is a vector-borne illness usually transmitted by ticks Babesiosis causes a disease very similar to Malaria. In mild cases, people may experience mild fevers and anemia. In North America, the disease exists mostly in Eastern Long-Island and its barrier island, Fire Island, and the islands off the coast of Massachusetts. It is sometimes called "The Malaria of The North East." Babesiosis is easy to diagnose but only if it is suspected. It will not show up on any routine tests. It must be suspected when a persons with exposure in an...
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