Cryptorchidism is commonly known as undescended testes. This is a medical condition where one or both of the testes haven’t dropped into the scrotum before or just after birth. This condition is much more common than one would think. Three percent of all male babies born mature and 30 percent of all male babies born premature will have this condition. Almost all babies who weigh less than two pounds have this condition as well. The causes are not all clear although, some hypothesis are, mothers who are taking a substance to produce more estrogen during pregnancy or if the developing testes were insufficient to cause normal growth. The babies will not have any symptoms but they should get a physical exam, if one or both of the testes are not felt in the scrotal sac it is very likely that the child has cryptorchidism. Paediatricians are trained to screen for this condition, in about 80 percent of the cases the testicals are not found in the scrotum but in the inguinal canal. To determine where the location of the missing testical is the paediatricians will use ultrasonography this allows them to see what they cannot feel during the exam. The child can also use a CTC scan but this will expose the child to large amounts of radiation. 80 percent of the undescended testes can be found in the inguinal canal; most of these will descend by themselves in time, but if this does not happen by the first year then more aggressive treatment must be done. Surgery to move the testical into the scrotum is very common. A victim cannot let this condition go untreated. If they did then it could lead to fertility problems later in life. Males who have undescended testicals are more prone to testicular cancer. They must go for regular testicular exams and might have to do regular ultrasounds. Cryptorchidism affects not one but two different systems in the body; it affects the nervous system and the male reproductive system. First the male reproductive system is...
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